Arab press: Europe demand to political transition in Syria, France seeks to exclude Turkey from NATO

The European Union stipulated contributing to the reconstruction of Syria by starting a political transition, while France and European countries are seeking to exclude Turkey from NATO and impose sanctions on it, while observers believe that the synchronization of Turkish and Iranian strikes on areas in the Kurdistan region of Iraq is not a coincidence, but rather a plan.

On Tuesday morning, Arab newspapers touched upon internationalist moves on Syria, in addition to French-Turkish tension, and on Turkish and Iranian interventions in Iraq.

Al-Sharq al-Awsat: Joseph Borrell: There is no contribution to the reconstruction of Syria before the political transition

The Arab newspapers published this morning dealt with several topics in the Syrian issue, the most prominent of which were the international political moves. In this context, Al-Sharq Al-Awsat newspaper said: "Joseph Borrell, the High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy in the European Union, confirmed that" the contribution to the reconstruction of Syria takes place only When there is a real and stable political transition under Security Council Resolution 2,254. "

He expressed his hope that the parties and countries participating in the Brussels Donors' Conference that will be held today, will provide parallel commitments that exceeded six billion euros last year, pointing out that the Europeans have provided about 20 billion euros to Syria and neighboring countries since 2011.

Borrell said that "the Syrian regime or the Syrian opposition" was not invited to the conference, adding that "this issue may only be reviewed, and the political process is launched in all seriousness and with steady steps, including holding free and fair elections as envisaged by 2,254."

In response to a question, the European official said that the European sanctions "do not hinder the arrival of humanitarian and medical aid" to the Syrians, adding that "the regime bears responsibility for the humanitarian, economic and health crises in Syria, not economic sanctions."

"Without a clear change in behavior, commitment, serious, constructive, and real regarding the political process, the sanctions will remain imposed," he said, noting that the European Union "will participate in the reconstruction of Syria only when there is a real and stable political transition under 2,254."

Borrell was asked about the American-Russian dialogue, and he answered, "Any progress made in the path of reaching a political solution to the Syrian conflict is welcome by us. We insist and confirm that there should not be compromising on specific principles, and that any solution must be consistent with Resolution 2,254."

Al-Bayan: European experts: Turkish danger, the upcoming NATO battle

On Turkish-French tension, the newspaper said: "French President Emmanuel Macron accused Turkey of having a historical and criminal responsibility in the Libyan conflict" as a country "claiming to be a member of NATO."

Macron said in a press conference with German Chancellor Angela Merkel: "We need at this stage an indispensable clarification of Turkish policy in Libya, which is unacceptable to us," especially taking Ankara that it has "increased" its military presence in Libya and "imported again and in Great form terrorist fighters from Syria."

In the context, hot discussions are taking place within the European Union, to discuss the French complaint against Turkey, while European experts believe that the French discussions with 21 countries belonging to the European Union are at the same time members of NATO, out of 29 countries, aiming to freeze membership Turkey, and impose economic sanctions on it.

Eduard Banyol, a former officer in the French Navy, and a teacher at the French Military School in Paris, said that France is facing an unprecedented anger, the increasing violations by Ankara in the eastern Mediterranean region, a position declared to France, by President Emmanuel Macron, accompanied by a formal complaint from Paris To NATO about specific facts that fall under the category of "aggressive behavior" on the part of Turkey, regarding a French frigate of the European "IRINI" operation force in the Mediterranean, while trying to search a cargo ship suspected of transporting weapons to Libya, which is the complaint That supported eight European countries, Paris's request to open an investigation on it, which greatly reduces the state of “divergence” in European attitudes towards Ankara, which was previously, and indicates a European “strategy”, in particular, new towards Turkey.

Luca Servello, a military expert, and a former officer in the Italian army, explained that the interests of most NATO members are almost interlinked and united.

And it calls for a decisive stand against Turkey, especially since the Turkish threats were not limited to threats to the external interests of the European Union countries, but rather extended to its borders, as is the case in France, Germany, Greece and Cyprus, which is putting pressure on countries like Germany, and forcing everyone to go in the way of The exclusion of Ankara from the Alliance, as it has become a "counterpart" member, threatens the Alliance completely, especially since Ankara has been working for months to attract members of the Alliance, from outside the European countries, to create a counter front for the Alliance countries from within the European bloc, which is something that clearly and blatantly contradicts , With the terms of the NATO Treaty, and requires immediate exclusion.

Al-Arab: Turkish-Iranian complicity in violating the sovereignty of Iraqi lands

On Iraqi affairs, Al-Arab newspaper said: "Iran denied the existence of coordination between it and Turkey in the military operations carried out by the two parties in areas in the north of Iraq, operations that sparked outrage and protest by several Iraqi parties, which involved the violation of the sovereignty of Iraqi lands.

An Iraqi security expert said that the time to talk about "coincidence" in military operations of this size is that Tehran wants to hide the fact that it trusts Ankara more than Baghdad in some security files, especially when it comes to the Kurds, where the Iranians know the Turks' intransigence in this file and their extreme violence in facing all the Kurds, whether in Syria or in Iraq.

"Ankara and Tehran are based on a successful experience in confronting the Kurds and striking their independence aspirations, which is represented in their effective cooperation in besieging the Kurdistan region of Iraq and placing strong political, economic and security pressures on his leadership following its initiative in 2017 to organize a referendum on the independence of the region," the expert added.



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