ROJ MOUSA –SIDO IBO/NEWS DESK

The mechanisms of fighting the popular revolution in North Syria  were many, different from the direct military responses, as happened in al-Shahba areas and Afrin city by Turkish occupation, both politically and represented by the Syrian National Coalition opposition and the Kurdish National Council, or even from the social side in an attempt by hostile parties to spread ethics irrelaed to the Syrian society or even the formation of organizations with fictitious names for other illegal acts

The sleeper cell system was the most comprehensive to hit the revolution. The sleeper cell could organize itself according to the situation or condition in the area in which it began to operate. Assassinations, bombings, instigation of seditions, fueling conflict was the mission of this sleeper cells. The Rojava Revolution witnessed many a stage in which sleeper cells tried to develop themselves in order to strike at the existing administration and create a rift between the people and the administration.

Over the past seven years, many forms of crimes and violations have emerged. The sleeper cells are known to be of an intelligence nature and are supported by another party to instill confusion on the other's side. Perhaps the most advantageous source of sedition and confusion among the components in Syria is Turkish intelligence "MIT" since its interests lie in prolonging the Syrian conflict.

The support of sleeping cells in North Syria has increased. Turkey supported most of them because the region is adjacent to the Turkish border and the ease of entry and exit through smuggling operations, especially in view of the increasing role of Turkish occupation’s gangs in areas such as in northern countryside of Aleppo and Aleppo city itself to Hama and Homs.

In Afrin canton, a sleeper cell of the Turkish intelligence directly detonated several service centers, including the center of civil society institutions and even targeted the center of the newspaper Ronahi and the Hawar news agency (ANHA) by explosive device in 2013, while al-Jazeera region witnessed a lot of assassinations and ongoing bombings to this day which perpetrator is not known, while the most famous assassination by mercenaries is the assassination of the leader of Democratic Society Movement (TEV-DEM) Issa Hasso.

Based on the surveillance, follow-up and investigations by Asayîş forces, some members of the cell were arrested on October 29, 2016. As the investigations continued, Asayîş forces arrested the rest of the members existing in the area. According to informed sources in Asayîş forces, that the file of the mercenaries was handed over to the People's Court, while Hawar news agency (ANHA) documented the testimonies of mercenaries and their confessions through meetings with them in which they mentioned the mechanisms of planning and executing their crime

The gang consists of 24 mercenaries - 11 of them fled abroad - mostly from al-Jazeera region, and has a bad reputation among the members of the community having precedents in criminality, and gangs are headed by the so-called:

1 - "Mohammed Ahmed al-Shaiban": Married and known as "Shaiban"  nicknamed Abu Khalid, from al-Qusir village in Qamishlo canton was born in 1977 and works as an employee in the Office of Grains, and "Shaiban" received support from a person, nicknamed "Abu Hamza Kurdish" Amir Ahrar al-Sham in al-Hull area from Qamishlo people are currently residing in Hatay  state of Bakur Kurdistan. The role Jabhit al-Nusra's gangs and other small armed gangs in al-Jazeera region deteriorating in late 2013, they are moved towards the northern countryside of Aleppo and Idlib Islamic State's gangs dominated large areas of Syria and Iraq.

Shaiban began to communicate with several mercenaries, including Massoud Battal, a leader of Jabhet al-Nusra, who provided Shaiban with a salary of between $ 500 and $ 1,000 per month. He admitted that he was in contact with mercenary, Abdullah Aroub, He was providing Shaiban with a salary of between $ 700 and $ 1,000. Shaiban said he had tried with Mohmmed Abdul Samad Ibrahim to open a commercial road with Islamic State's gangs at the request of "Aroub" but failed in this project.

2 - Fludi Iskandar Ibrahim: the mastermind of the cell, and is the Director General and experienced in installation of explosives and others, where all the explosive devices that the cells installed and detonated from the processing of Fludi, as he had turned his house to an operations room for cell, "Shaiban" has a direct relationship with the Turkish intelligence.

According to his testimony against Fludi, the latter obtained a quantity of toxic substances placed in a circular package of Turkish intelligence and asked for his assistance in order to confuse them with food and distribute as much of them as possible to the Asayîş forces and Battalions of People Protection Units (YPG) and with the assistance of Firas Saleh al- Omar.and "Amer Nouri Kabi."

Firas confirmed in his confessions that Fludi had opened a line of communication with Turkish intelligence from his home to determine the coordinates of the military and political leaderships in Rojava. He said that they later headed in Fludi's car to Himo village, where they determined a military location at the entrance to the village, in addition to locating the General Command of the Asayîş forces and determining the position of the forces of Asayîş in Qamishlo through a special GPS device, all in exchange for a general outline of the work of the cell and taking large sums of money by the Turkish intelligence.

After the completion of the positioning task, Fludi asked Firas to provide him with information about the important meetings in which the leaders would participate, in addition to their locations, in order to inform the Turkish intelligence and carry out the assassinations.

Shaiban said in his confession that the nucleus of the cell began with the beginning of demonstrations demanding the overthrow of the regime in 2011 when was introduced to the Abu Hamza al-Kurdi, who developed his relations with him to start "Shaiban" All the young people taking part in the demonstrations, and even Abu Hamza al-Kurdi asked after some time to propose some names to send them to Idlib for a mercenary training course lasting 20-25 days. The members of gangs who were arrested are:

Mohammed Abdul Samad Ibrahim: He is known as Abu Omar. He is from al-Qusir town in Qamishlo canton. He was born in 1977. He was working in a drug store. He received a training course in Idlib after he was proposed by Shaiban to Abu Hamza al-Kurdi. He also began his work in Qamishlo.

"Fadel Majid Oussi": He is known as Abu Rayan. He is from Qarbat Koli village in Qamishlo canton. He was born in 1984. He worked in a restaurant. He joined the cell through some of its members through the demonstrations in which he participated. He received information from Mahmoud al-Shaiban.

Abdul Razzaq Mohammed Sheikhamous Ali was born in Qamishlo city in 1971. He worked as a regular laborer. He joined the cell after a visit to his house and talked about the bombing of the Corniche and that they were gangs of young people who did this work and convinced him to join.

Mohammed Naji Mohammed Masoum Yousef: From Kurdiwan village in Qamishlo village, born in 1980, he worked in a household appliances shop. He joined the cell through Sida Abu Abdo in the mosque and was acquainted with some other cell mercenaries. The cell mentioned that people would come out to Idlib and that there was someone trying to go but the road was closed to them.

Ahmed Mulla Omair was born in 1994, he was studying information engineering when he joined the cell through Mohammed Naji Mohammed. Ahmed entered Autonomous Administration areas in early 2014 after his departure from Deir-ez to Idlib to work with Ahrar al- Sham, he knew after a period on al-Shaiban who appointed him as a media and created pages for al-Shaiban

Khalil Jadouh Genoui: nicknamed as Abu Bakr from Qamishlo city, was born in 1990, he worked in the grains trade. Khalil al-Jaduh began working with the cell after Muhammad Abdel Samad asked him for information. Khalil Jadouh stated in his confession to Asayîş that he knew that he worked under the cover of Tahrir al-Sham gangs , in order to learn later about al-Shaiban.

Alaa Sulaiman al -Jarbou: Abu Abdullah from Qamishlo city born in 1988. He worked in a cars office. He joined the cell in coordination with al-Shaiban and Mohammed Abdul Samad to help them in transportation, identifying themselves as members of Ahrar al-Sham.

Abdel-Haq Mohammed Mashouq Dawod: He is nicknamed Joan from Qamishlo city, he born in 1992, he works as a laborer. He joined the cell through Mohamed Naji Mohamed and admitted that he worked with them continuously during the last period.

"Firas Saleh Al-Omar": nicknamed Abu Shirin from Akola village in Qamishlo canton born in 1977, was working as a driver.

Many of the mercenaries involved in this cell are afraid of being arrested in the near future so they fled:

Ahmed Gharib, Ibrahim Gharib, Mohammed Zaki al-Humaidi, Saleh Ahmad Tamo, Abdulrahman Tamo, Ahmad Fakhri Othman, Mohammad Haj Yousif, Amer Nouri Kabi, Mousa Batushi, Radwan Mohammed Sharif and Khader Shekhmous Ali.

1 - Assassination of leader Issa Hassou on 10-30-2013:

The operation was planned two days before it was carried out. Both Shiban and Fludi planned the operation. Fludi prepared the explosive himself, while Firas Saleh Omar received the explosive charge that Ahmed Gharib had put in the car of the victim.

During his confessions, al-Shaiban mentioned that he had visited Fludi, who was discussing with Mohammed Zaki Jumaa al-Humaidi, nicknamed Bakihro, about the role of Autonomous Administration which swells day by day and its dangers to the group and its supporters, and completes al-Shaiban confession by saying that they boarded a car and headed towards the office of travel tickets and close to the house of Issa Hasso on Corniche Street and owned by "Firas al- Saleh al- Omar" who collaborates with them in the process

Al-Shiban said that Issa Hasso had chosen Ahmed Gharbi to carry the explosive device while Firas would detonate the car by remote control. Fludi had prepared the device and linked the device to detonate it, noting that they agreed to detonate the car on October 30, 2013.

2 - Assassination of a member of People Protection Units (YPG) Saad Eddin Sheikhmous on 13-7-2013:

The planning of this operation began when Ahmed Fakhri Othman suggested to Ibrahim Gharib to carry out this operation, which in turn transferred the proposal to al- Shaiban, the cell official who discussed the matter with Fludi and began preparing the explosive device to assassinate Sasd Eddin Sheikhmous.

The cell planned this operation to put the explosive in a bicycle chair and put it near the place where Saad was assassinated, and Fludi began preparing the explosives to work on this basis on 12 July 2013, according to al- Shaiban.

On this basis, Ibrahim Gharib put the bike in the evening at the front of the Saad Eddin shop while Ahmed Fakhri Osman was monitoring Saad Eddin Shiekhmous who, on the morning of July 13, 2013, tried to remove the bicycle from the front of his shop blowing up and he ascended to the rank of martyrs.

3 - The assassination of political activist Mahmoud Sida Ali Date 11-8-2013:

Al-Shaiban says in his confession that the operation was carried out by Khader Muhammad Sheikhamos Ali (the nephew of Mahmoud Sida) who proposed to assassinate his uncle known as Sida al- Shiban was identified by Khader through Saleh Ahmed Tamo, a member of the gangs.

AL-Shaiban said they initially agreed to assassinate Sida with pistol without a sound by passing a motorcycle on the street, but the initial plan failed due to their inability to secure a silencer for the gun.

On one of the nights Khadr spent with his uncle Sida, he agreed with Saleh Ahmed Tamo, Ibrahim Gharib and Ahmed Gharib to break into the house and carry out the operation in which Mahmoud Sida was assassinated by the bullet which was launched by Saleh Ahmad Tamo, while Ibrahim Gharib and Ahmad Gharib looted the house.

4 - Assassination of the member of the popular council of Corniche neighborhood Abdullah Kartmini on 5-6-2014:

Al-Shaiban speaks of this process as suggested by Muhammad Khair Khalif, who works in a pharmacy, and al-Shiban had known him through his cousin Muhammad Abdul Samad Al-Ibrahim, who works in a drug store.

Al-Shiban said he had allocated an apartment overlooking on Kartamini's house and car. Radwan Mohammed Sharif Ibrahim and Fadel Majid Oussi watched for two days the movements of Kartamini so that they would have the opportunity to attach the device.

Fadhel Majid Ossi said that he received the explosive device from Muhammad Abdul Samad al- Ibrahim. He went to Kartimini's street at 5:00 am after establishing his al-Fajar 's pray with Radwan Mohammed Sharif Ibrahim in Al-Rawda mosque to monitor the street until Radwan attaches the explosive.

After attaching the explosive by the two ,Mohammed Khair Khalif went to the house of his wife's family and detonated the car after he was taken by Kartmini, according to Mohammed Khair Khalif.

5. The assassination of a member of People Protection Units (YPG) Kisra Sheikmos mid-2013:

"The planning of the assassination of Kisra Shikmous began at Fludi's house, which was like an operating room for our group " al-Shaiban said, referring to the beginning of the planning of the assassination of the member of the People Protection Units Kisra Sheikhmos.

AL-Shibban reported that Kasri was intermittently visiting Saleh Ahmed Tom’s Shop, who had lured Kisra to the house of his friend Musa Batushi, who is a member of the same group, under the pretext of consulting him about selling a weapon in the house as a military person.

Al-Shaiban tells more about the assassination plot, saying that Kisra was to be assassinated by placing the poison in the juice cup they give him, but this plan did not succeed, according to both Mousa and Saleh for al-Shaiban after Kisra was assassinated by firing a bullet in the head with a 9 mm from the back.

Al-Shaiban tells the details they were told by the criminals that they beheaded Kisra and put his head in a bag and told Fludi, Sheban and Khair to take the body to a place outside the house.

Shiban says he and Khairu and Fludi later buried the body behind the Garmineklli gas station.

6 - Assassination of a member of People Protection Units (YPG) Jamal Muhammad Faris mid 2013:

Fludi Iskandar and Mahmoud Ahmad Al-Shaiban: Planning and Managing the Cell.

Saleh Ahmad Tamo and Amer Nouri Kabi: Implementation of the operation.

The details of the assassination of Jamal Faris are similar to the assassination of Kisra Shiekmos, as the one who shot is Saleh Ahmad Tamo, and that this operation was in the same way by luring Jamal to the home of a relative of Amer Nuri Kabi in order to sell a weapon, so that Saleh shot him and cut his head and brought him to the house Fludi - operating room - as evidence of the success of the process.

AL-Shaiban threw the head of the martyr Jamal over al-Bashriya bridge when Saleh and Amer threw the body behind the Garmineklli gas station south of Qamishlo.

7 - assassination of Riad Farhan Khader (nicknamed Shiro Ibrahim) in 2013:

Al-Shaiban completes their crimes by recognizing the plot of the killing of Farhan Khader, which began after receiving information that Farhan and a friend of his will be heading towards Tel- Hamis south of Qamishlo.

Al-Shaiban highlighted the insistence of Fludi on the importance of Ahrar al-Sham gangs to arrest Farhan, and that they sent "Mohammed Abdul Samad" to monitor the situation al-Shiaban said admitted during his confessions that Riad had serious information about their group,

Due to the importance of the information Farhan knows, al-Shiban ensures that the process is completed personally by standing at the silos of Tel -Hamis with Abdul Samad and taking them Farhan to al-Hull city where Abu Hamza al-Kurdi investigated him as Farhan had dangerous information about the gang.

Al-Shaiban says he killed Farhan and transported his body to an area called al- Sabkhat in the south-west of al-Hull, while al- Shaiban exonerated the other man who was with Farhan to be assassinated by mercenaries.

8 - Assassination of Himo village Sabri Hamza Salumi 3-7-2013:

Al-Shaiban says that the three mercenaries, Fludi, Saleh and Abdul Rahman, carried out the operation by luring of the Mukhtar to a house in order to buy and sell shots and weapons. The mercenary Saleh Ahmed Tamo strangled him with a black cable in the house.

Shaibban said he was disturbed by this process, which he considered "unnecessary" and said that Fludi tried to justify this process very much that Mukhtar(commune) Hamo is a supporter of the regime and thugs, showing him papers proving his dealings with the military security.

On how they hide the body, he said that after suffocating, Fludi fired a bullet at him and killed him, and then transported the body later in bags and threw it in the wild, according to "Shaiban."

(T/S)

ANHA