The Gray Wolves was founded in the late 1960s by Alp Arslan Türkç, who was one of the founders of the 1960 coup.
The organization is the unofficial armed arm of the MHP headed by Devlet Bahçeli, Erdogan's ally.
From terrorism to coalition and most importantly killing the Kurds
It is classified as one of the fanatical fascist groups of Turkish nationalism, and was previously classified a terrorist organization in Turkey, until 2018, when the "Republican Alliance" was held between the "Justice and Development" Party and the "National Movement" party for the Turkish presidential elections.
The movement believes in the ethnic superiority of the Turks, and seeks to restore their glories and history and unify the Turkish peoples in one state, in addition to antagonizing other nationalities such as the Kurds, Greece and Armenians.
According to the "Gray Wolves", the borders of the state of the Turks extend from the Balkans to Central Asia, inspired by the history of the Ottoman Empire. The Kurds are the main axis of hostility to the organization that is concerned with fighting the establishment of any Kurdish state by various means.
This organization committed the most criminal operations, as it was the main force involved in acts of political violence in Turkey in the eighties of the last century.
It was classified as a terrorist organization responsible for the killing of hundreds of Alawites in the Maraash massacre in 1978, and the 1977 Taksim Square massacre, where 126 people lost their lives.
It is also the mastermind of the assassination attempt on Pope John Paul II in 1981 by Muhammad Ali Agjah. The Gray Wolves were considered an anti-Turkish organization in the 1980s.
But with the focus of the movement on its hostility to the Kurds in the 1990s, the authority took the initiative to engage it in battles against the PKK.
The GW was famous for carrying out many terrorist operations inside and outside Turkey. It is accused of killing the Russian pilot in 2015, the downing of the Russian plane Sukhoi, hijacking of the Russian plane in Egypt, supporting terrorists, liquidating the Kurds, in addition to other criminal acts for reviving the glories of the Ottoman Empire.
It is noteworthy that the name "Alp Arslan Celik", one of the "Gray Wolves" activists, emerged with his appearance in a video clip of the incident of the Russian plane being shot down in Latakia countryside in 2015. He talked about the details of killing the Russian pilots, as a result Moscow demanded Ankara to hand over "Alp Arslan".
After Turkey and its mercenaries occupied Afrin, the elements of this organization were stationed in northern Syria.
The European Center for Human Rights confirmed, "The Turkish terrorist organization supports the Turkmen in Syria with military aid and fighters who are members of the Nationalist Movement Party."
The Center revealed that many of them were killed in battles with the Syrian government forces.
Turkish newspapers also confirmed that Ankara used "Gray Wolves" militias alongside "ISIS" and mercenary groups in northern Syria.
How does Ankara manage the movements of this organization between Syria and Libya?
This organization works to manage operations in Libya, as the National Army confirmed to Hawar News Agency that a Turkish intelligence officer named "Fatih Inal Tarkan" and his companion, "Maher Mustafa Pasha" are the main officials responsible for most of the movements of mercenaries and extremists, who are joined by more than 18 officers of varying ranks.
According to the Libyan army, “Khalil Sosyal, Irfan Ossert, General Levent Arjun, Gorsal Brigade, Tchibinar, Seljuk Yavuz Brigade, Canal, Kai Altindag, Bolt Kutsal, Geethan Utqu, Izz al-Din Yathilurt, Amir Muradli, Hamad Husam al-Din Yajuri, Sahan Eden, Archin Timon, Bakir Eden, Recep Bolt, Solomon Anja. "
Who is Inal Tarkan?
His real name is "Fateh Tarkan Inal," who has the key role in the military developments in Libya. He is the most mysterious and dangerous figure.
One of Tarkan's most prominent friends is Maher Mustafa Pasha, who is the leader of the mercenaries of the "Al-Muntesir Billah Division", of the Turkmen. It is fighting with the mercenaries of the "Syrian National Army."
Maher Pasha, a Syrian Turkman from Aleppo, speaks both Arabic and Turkish, is close to the Turkish intelligence service. He has posted a picture with Turkish intelligence officer Fatih Inal, and has pictures from inside Turkey, specifically from the headquarters of the ruling Justice and Development Party in Turkey and pictures inside the headquarters of the "Gray Wolves" organization.
Pasha is accused of launching military operations in direct coordination with Turkish intelligence and GW on the city of Afrin; his Turkmen faction deliberately attacked and besieged the Sheikh Maqsoud neighborhood and the Kurdish-majority Ashrafieh in the city of Aleppo for many years and used internationally prohibited weapons in an attempt to storm the neighborhood and commit massacres against civilians.
According to the Libyan National Army, Maher Mustafa Pasha is the first person responsible for sending 300 mercenaries per month from each Syrian faction under an agreement he made for a period of three months, with the Turkish intelligence service and supervised by Tarkan. Libya.
The Libyan army revealed that Ankara has clearly changed the way its advisers, including military and intelligence men, operate in Libya in recent weeks. It has adopted plans, which Tarkan has implemented with great professionalism.
These plans depend on communication and coordination with the leaders of the armed groups, behind the back of al-Sarraj, and granting each group what it wants on the condition of implementing the Turkish directives in the country.
The Libyan Army Intelligence revealed that Tarkan and his colleagues have never met with the militias and their leaders at one table since his arrival in Tripoli, and he manages most of the war coordination operations on the ground with radio communications and phones linked to satellites in coordination with the Turkish ambassador to Libya, Serhat Aksen.