Kurds between Turkish Ottoman massacres, seriousness of Erdogan's mentality

LEZGIN IBRAHIM / NEWS DESK

If we look at the pages of history about who practiced the policies of genocide against the peoples, we will undoubtedly find that the Ottoman Sultanate occupies the first place in the genocide of the peoples and the commitment of the most heinous massacres and crimes against them to expand and strengthen the roots of their empires at the expense of the blood, land and the capabilities of those peoples subjected to genocide. The Ottoman Empire spread as epidemic in the body of the Middle East, killed millions of people and destroyed peoples, communities, cultures, religions and entire civilizations.

The Ottomans committed a number of massacres against the oppressed peoples, and this is considered one of the largest massacres committed in the history of humanity, in addition to the massacres committed against the Armenians, Sefo massacres and the massacres committed by the Ottomans and Turkey against the Kurdish people. In this dossier, we will mention some of the massacres committed by the Ottomans and the Turkish occupation against the Kurdish people throughout Kurdistan during each revolution or uprising conducted by the Kurdish people.

At the beginning, we will present a chronological history of the Kurdish revolutions and uprisings against the Ottomans and the Turkish occupation, which were dealt with by the massacres, displacement and annihilation by the Ottomans and Turks, and the most important of these revolutions and uprisings:

-Revolution of Afdal Khan al-Badlisi against the Ottoman Sultan Murad I in 1574.

1765. - Jihan Bek Revolution in Malatya in

- Rashkota and Kharzan Tribes Revolution that were led by Farhu Agha and Qasim Kharazi between Amed and Sêrt, northern Kurdistan in 1789.

- Zerka and Tirkan Tribes Revolution in the north of the capital Amed in 1794.

- Abdul Rahman Baban Revolution in 1806 in al-Sulaimaniyah, southern Kurdistan.

 Ahmed Pasha Baban Revolution in 1811 in al-Sulaimaniyah.-

- Siwas Revolution in 1819 against the Ottoman Empire.

- Revolution of Mir Mohammad Pasha, Runduzi and Soran in 1834.

   Şengal Revolution of the Yazidi Kurds in 1843. -

- Mir Badrkhan Revolution in 1846 in Botan, and he was the last Kurdish prince who ruled Botan Emirate in northern Kurdistan.

- Yazdan Sher Revolution in 1853 in Botan and Hakkari.

1870-1882. - Sheikh Obeid Allah al-Nahri Revolution in Shamdainan and Botan in

in 1879. Hussein Badrkhan Revolution in Botan -

- Al-Jalalin Revolution in Ararat against the Ottoman authorities in 1905.

- In 1907, al-Mosul Clan Revolution, and it extended to Mosh and Warzrum.

- In 1912, Sheikh Abdul Salam al-Barzani Revolution in al-Mosul, and the sheikh was assassinated in 1912 after returning from Azerbaijan on a mission with Abdul Razzaq Badrkhan to demand help and support from Russia.

  - Kojkiri Revolution against the Treaty of Lausanne led by Ali Shan Bek in 1923.

- Sheikh Saeed Biran Revolution in 1925-1928 in the regions of Azrum, Dara Hini, Binkul and Amed.

- Revolution of Ararat in 1929-1931 led by the General Ihsan Nuri Pasha, the Colonel Farzandah, Hesso Tili and sons of Hussein Pasha, the head of Hassenan tribes in Serhed.

- In 1932, Sassoon and Malato Mountains Revolutions led by Abdel Rahman Agha of Al Ali Younis family.

-Dêrsim Revolution led by Sayed Reza al-Kurdi in 1937-1938.

- Revolution of PKK in northern Kurdistan which has been still continuing its struggle so far.

All these Kurdish revolutions were accompanied by massacres committed by the Ottomans and the Turkish occupation against the Kurdish people, which left hundreds of thousands victims as well as the burning of thousands of Kurdish villages and the displacement of millions of Kurds from their homeland.

New Turkish massacres against the Kurdish people

In June 1927, Turkey's Council issued a law that all citizens living in Turkey with a religious and ethnic minority would be turkificated, while some Kurdish cities revolted against the decision of the Council of Turkey. Turkey committed massacres against some Kurdish cities, including massacre of Dêrsim and Zilan.

The massacre of Zilan

The massacre committed by the Turkish state against the Kurds in Bakur Kurdistan in 1930, in the period before the third movement of Agirî uprising while the Kurdish people were heading towards Zilan valley in Arjish area of Wan governorate to escape the brutality of the regime and the atrocities committed by the Turkish army; killing, burning and demolishing the villages, while some official sources indicated that the number of the killed reached 47 thousand people.

Dêrsim massacre

Dêrsim massacre took place between 1937 and 1939 in Dêrsim area after the city was completely destroyed. On the rubble of the destroyed city, the Turkish state established another province called Tunjeli. The armed resistance led by Sayed Reza against the law of the resettlement and the forcible transfer of the population as part of Turkey's implementation of the Turkification policy at that time. It is the largest Kurdish uprising in Turkey after Sheikh Saeed Revolution of 1925, in which thousands of Alawites, Kurds and many people displaced. The historians said that the total number of death was about 14 thousand Kurds.

The Robowski massacre

On December 28, 2011, the Turkish warplanes took off from Amed military airport towards the state of Şirnex. Turkish aircrafts and missiles targeted a convoy of Kurdish civilians, including children who were transporting the "Diesel fuel" from southern Kurdistan, specifically between the villages of Robowski and Bi Jewhee, and that resulted in committing a large massacre added to the massacres committed by the Turkish state against the unarmed Kurdish people throughout its bloody history based on terrorism, denial and murder.

The death toll of the massacre was 36 martyrs and dozens wounded.

2015 uprising in Bakur and the massacres that accompanied it

As part of Erdogan's AKP campaign that aimed at breaking the will of the Kurdish people and ending their struggle for their rights, Erdogan's regime committed massacres against the civilians in Sur, Farqin, Basmil, Cizîr, Slubi, Hezex, Nisibin, Karburan, Kemkem and Gever in 2015.

"They either would give up or he would cut off their heads," said Erdogan who got mad when heard the legitimate demands of the Kurdish people.

338 civilians, including 72 children were killed after Erdogan's declaration.

The massacre of Şengal by IS supported by Turkey

The mercenaries committed a massacre against the Yazidi Kurds in Başûr Kurdistan as a result of an agreements between the Turkish state and the authorities of Başûr.

The massacre of IS mercenaries working with the Turkish state was described as a genocide against the Yazidis in Iraq. This genocide took place after the war between the mercenaries and Kurdistan Region in northern Iraq. The Peshmerga forces withdrew from Şengal, a large number of Yazidis up to 5,000 people were killed and IS kidnapped thousands of Yazidi women.

The massacre of Afrin .. A second Şengal in which the banner of the mercenaries led officially by Turkey has changed

The Turkish occupation, through its aggressive attacks on the territory of Afrin, repeated the massacre committed against the Yazidi Kurds in Şengal. The mercenaries used by the Turkish state in the massacre on Kurds of Şengal were used by the Turkish state in Afrin with the same ideology, but with different names and banners. The Turkish state and its mercenaries in Afrin practiced ethnic cleansing and massacres against the Kurdish people in addition to looting the houses and money.

Turkey wants to repeat these massacres against the civilians in Afrin. More than 10 massacres committed by the Turkish air force during the air raids and artillery shelling, leaving 783 men and old people, and 207 women according to the statistics revealed by the human rights organization in al-Jazeera region on 10 December 2018.

While 153 people were killed after the occupation of Afrin in different ways, including 36 women and 54 children. According to the statistics, the number of the kidnapped reached 623 people, and 55 cases of rape by the Turkish soldiers and the mercenaries of the Turkish occupation army.

Most of these massacres targeted the civilians, including the children and women, not to mention the killing of the civilians in the villages they occupied, and many videos and photos proved that through their circulation on social networking sites.

This is the link between the old and new bloody history of murder, plundering and genocide." The same methods used by the Ottomans are carried out today.

The Turkish occupation's settling the families of its mercenaries in the villages and towns they occupied is a clear and explicit evidence of genocide against the people of Afrin which the Turkish occupation army is trying to apply.

The danger of the Ottoman mentality that Erdogan applies in the region

Erdogan breathes into the flames of ethnic and sectarian conflicts in the Middle East, complementing the old Ottoman policy. He seeks to change the demographics of the region by pushing the indigenous population to migrate through policies of intimidation.

He also uses the peoples of the region according to his own interests, stimulates the issue of the return of the Islamic caliphate in the minds of the Sunni Muslims, and claims to be the spark that will restore this caliphate. Under these arguments, he intervene in the neighboring countries, while at the same time, he is repeating the bloody Ottoman history in northern Kurdistan and Rojava (northern Syria).

On more than one occasion, Erdogan said, "They forced us to accept the current borders. Lausanne was not a victory for us. Either Turkey becomes bigger or it becomes smaller." Erdogan talks again about the border from Aleppo to al-Mosul. According to Erdogan, the regions of Rojava / northern Syria and Başûr / northern Iraq were supposed to be part of the Turkish map. Where they have committed in these areas dozens of massacres and killed thousands.

Therefore, the presence of the Justice and Development Party and Erdogan in the region is a serious and permanent threat to Iraq, Syria and the Middle East, creating constant crises and contradictions between the components of the region. The repetition of the Ottoman bloody history in the Middle East brought the region back centuries ago, destroyed the civilizations and looted the goods of countries again.

A.H

ANHA