Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Iranian Hassan Rouhani held a tripartite meeting in the framework of the Astana meetings to discuss the Syrian issue. After the meeting, the guarantors of the Astana meetings issued a joint statement.
Politicians in northern and eastern Syria have made clear that this joint statement is supposed to find a solution to the Syrian crisis, but this meeting complicates the Syrian crisis. The hostility to democratic project of the Autonomous Administration of the North and East of Syria was present at the meeting. The three countries participating in the meeting, instead of discussing ways to solve the Syrian crisis, discussed ways to achieve their interests.
On this meeting and the statement that we had, we interviewed the Turkish journalist Fahim Tzatkin.
"The recommendations are not consistent with practical steps and developments."
The journalist, explained that the successive statements issued by the Astana summit meetings are repetition, and said: "These statements show the recommendations of the three countries and their red lines. In the statements, Turkey's conditions regarding Kurds and democracy appear, Russia's recommendations regarding the war against terrorist organizations and Iran's suspicions about the United States of America and Israel, and the statement issued after the trilateral meeting is inconsistent with the practical steps and developments taking place. "
"Turkey is waiting for opportunities"
He pointed out that the goal of the countries participating in the meeting is the withdrawal of the United States of America from north and east Syria, and continued by saying: "It is possible that the three sides are awaiting the American presidential elections, and if there is a new American position or not. Turkey will never give up on expanding its interference." Which was confined to the borders of Serêkaniyê and Girê Spî, Turkey's goal is to expand its intervention to include the regions from Kobani to Dêrik and Semalka Crossing. To achieve this, opportunities it awaits.
Russia's position on this matter has not changed much. If Russia partially opened the way for Turkey, there are two reasons for this. The first is to pressure America through a NATO member to facilitate its withdrawal, and the second pushed the Kurds to agree with the Damascus government, but the two goals were not achieved. Therefore, Russia does not open the road to Kobani to Turkey. Current balances do not allow the parties to take any steps forward, as everyone is in a state of stagnation".
All attempts are to provent the Kurds not to have an entity of their own."
He continued his speech, saying: "to prevent Kurds from having their own entity, Turkey will harness all its political and military capabilities. If Turkey does not achieve peace with the Kurds inside the Turkey, Ankara's policies towards the Kurds will not change outside its borders."
He assessed the balances of the three opposing countries by saying: "Russia is confident that if it does not win the Kurds, America wont go out. İn this matter that it differs from Turkey, but Russia does not want its relations with Turkey to be damaged, in this respect the Russians reached a dead end, then they must do something new.
Continued cooperation in Idlib
He pointed out that Turkey and Russia continue to cooperate in Idlib by controlling the statements, adding: "Russia says that the Sochi and Moscow agreements have not been implemented, but it does not want to repeat the scenario of confrontation between the Turkish and Syrian army. Until now, although the two sides have not moved according to the date that has been determined, but they continue to cooperate to open the M4 road, instead of Turkey engaging in organizations such as the Headquarters of HTS seeking developments immediately from the Geneva phase, and Russia favoring parallel operations, meaning that terrorist organizations on the one hand and on the other hand seek to advance in the Geneva phase.
He noted that the theoretical statements associated with the statement "the continuity of cooperation to eliminate organizations such as ISIS and Al-Nusra and all persons, groups and organizations linked to ISIS and organizations that have been classified by the United Nations Security Council as terrorist organizations" are inconsistent with practical application. The three sides are aware of this inconsistency, yet they signed the statement. There is a two-way game from Astana's first manifesto. Turkey does not intend to eliminate the organizations in Idlib, it intends to achieve a state of cohesion, and therefore seeks to include the radical groups that separated from HTS. We all know it is carrying out this mission in place of Turkey.
Turkey does not aim to eliminate the HTS, because it wants to change its position and follow the path of Ahrar al-Sham. Ahrar Al-Sham was established by the leaders of Al-Qaeda, but it is one of the groups that cooperated most with Turkey. The attempts to change the HTS have been repeated many times, and America also prioritizes these attempts, so Turkey is moving easily with regard to cooperation with the radicals. "
Russia is reaching out to alternative opposition fronts and looking for a way to salvation
At the end of his speech, Tzatkin said: “They want to tighten the screws on the government of Damascus and its allies by imposing the Caesar’s Act. Turkey, for example, has brought the Turkish lira to market in northwestern Syria, and has sought to take steps to change the impact of the Caesar’s Act, here Turkey is different from Astana’s partners. The alternative is to face the possibility of further deterioration of the situation in Syria, to see a path to salvation, and some sources of the opposition expect sudden developments.
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