KALTHOMA ALI/QAMISHLO

Rural areas in Derik area and Girkê-Legê district have been famous for grape vineyards covering large intensive areas of agricultural land. However, these vineyards have declined over time due to several factors the last of vineyards is now being threatened with vanishing.

Many of the villages of Allya area in Girkê –Legê district are known by vineyards scattered around the villages, especially since the climate of the region is suitable for growing grapes. While the villagers tended to plant variegated grapevines in homes and domestic orchards, the larger areas of grapes were grown in vast vineyards it often depends on rain.

People relied on vineyards to produce grape fruit, the industry of molasses, raisins and other kinds of foods made from grape juice, and sold in cities to be an important source of livelihood for the people.

Vineyards decrease before the grain cultivation 

However, the area planted with grapevines has declined since the 1980s for other rain-dependent crops, particularly grain, such as wheat, barley, lentils and chickpeas. Because the vineyards need continuous work and attention from plowing and trimming and others, and their production does not meet the need of farmers compared to the material returns achieved by grain cultivation, especially with the development of tillage and harvesting machines. Many farmers have uprooted vineyards, destroyed vineyards and cultivated land with grain.

The last of the vineyards are still resistant, but threatened with vanishing

In vicinity of Mousa Kora village one of Allya's villages, there are a number of vineyards, which people say is about 70 years old.

One of the villagers, who wandered among his vineyards, said that the vineyards have been an important source of livelihood for the people in decades, but this agriculture has declined because of the material yield declined compared to the financial return achieved by grain cultivation leading to the demise of most vineyards.

The residents of Mousa Kora are still striving to preserve the last remaining vineyards, but they did not hide their fear of disappearing also because of the high costs incurred by farmers and the lack of financial return.

(T/S)

ANHA