NEWS DESK – YAHYA AL_HABIB
In the past two months, the Syrian crisis has entered a new stage by talking about increasing differences between Russia and Iran.
During this period, Russia, the United States and Israel held a security summit in Jerusalem in which Russia stressed the importance of Israel's security and sent negative messages to Iran.
This summit was followed by a talk about new international arrangements on the ground, the most prominent of which was Russia's push to change the senior security leaders attributed to Iran, and the failure of the regime forces battles in the area of Idlib and its surroundings, and to try to understand what is going on retired Major General and military analyst and strategic Fayez al-Duwairi talked to Hawar news agency (ANHA).
Russian-Iranian interests clash opens the door to conflict in Syria
Fayez al-Duwairi began by explaining the nature of the Russian-Iranian relationship. "The Russian-Iranian relations in Syria are relations in which there are areas of consensus because of the need for cooperation in the military-operational framework and below. There are disagreements at the strategic and political levels, because the growth of Iranian interests will be at the expense of Russian interests.
"The Russian intervention came at the request of Iran and at the request of the regime, but it encouraged Russia to visit Qasim Soleimani to Moscow, cooperation in the beginning since September 2015 was a reminder of all, where it was restored control of the so-called "De-escalation", and attend in Astana and Sochi "The Iranian expansion in certain areas and the Russian expansion in other areas indicates some kind of coordination, but in the end when we talk about the supreme interests of both countries in Syria, there is absolute opposition between them, which opens the door to conflict or at least competition."
The outcome of the Jerusalem summit overshadows Iran's interests and the battles of Idlib
"The Jerusalem conference is an indication of a conflict of interest when Russia declares that it is committed to the national security of Israel, and that the Israeli raids and the recent attack, which covered targets of 160 kilometers, cannot take place without the consent, and acceptance of Russia," Douiri said.
"The military need has become very limited and the biggest proof is that Iranian forces and Hezbollah are not allowed to fight alongside the regime forces in the battle of areas called the De-escalation and buffer zones, one might say that the reason is the Iranian-Turkish relationship, yes it may be but the changes are Russian "He said.
"There is cooperation and there is still some need for it, and there is a divergence in the relations, which will prevail in the coming periods, because the Israeli-American insistence on removing Iran at least in the military and security dimensions will be approved by Russia," he said.
"Russia has talked about the need for Iranian forces to move away from the ceasefire line in Golan at the beginning of 10 km and then 40 km and then 84 km, but this did not happen where it is still existed in the outskirt of Quneitra."
Regarding the situation in the Deir –ez-Zor area, the retired general said, "There is a spread and expansion of Iran in al-Badiya desert specifically in Deir-ez- Zor area in order to build Husseiniat and spread the Shiite doctrine. There is control over AlbuKmal city, which is considered the most dangerous because it controls the crossing. And talk today about the smuggling of fuel from the popular mobilization forces, but I think that should have dealt with this is not Russia, but America, if there is still a need to maintain some kind of cooperation, but is likely to increase the intensity in the coming weeks and months.