Arab press: High alert in southern Syria, Cairo seeks to attend Libyan parties of Geneva meeting

Southern Syria is witnessing a state of tension and preparedness against the background of targeting a group affiliated with Russia, while Cairo was able to unify Khalifa Haftar and Aqila Saleh before the Geneva meetings, while Saad Hariri broke the deadlock in forming the Lebanese government.

On Thursday morning, the Arab newspapers discussed the situation in southern Syria, in addition to the Egyptian moves regarding Libya, and the Lebanese crisis.

Al-Sharq al-Awsat: Preparedness in southern Syria after targeting a Russian faction

The Arab newspapers published this morning on the Syrian issue dealt with several topics, the most prominent of which was the situation in southern Syria. In this context, Al-Sharq Al-Awsat newspaper said: “The forces of the Fifth Corps of Russia in southern Syria launched an inspection campaign after targeting members of the faction in Busra al-Sham, its stronghold. In the countryside of Daraa, at a time when a former opposition leader hinted at a "popular escalation" against the regime forces.

With the continuing killings and assassinations in southern Syria, the city of Busra al-Sham witnessed; The main stronghold of the Russian-backed "Fifth Corps" forces, the first targeting incident within the city of one of the most prominent leaders in the "Corps" group in Busra al-Sham, last Saturday, September 18, 2020; An explosive device exploded in the Citadel neighborhood in the city of Busra al-Sham, targeting a military vehicle in which Ali Bash and Qasim al-Miqdad, two leaders of the Fifth Corps groups from the city’s sons, resulting in the wounding them, and they were subsequently transferred to Busra al-Sham Hospital. .

Private sources from the city of Busra al-Sham said that the "Legion" forces, hours after the bombing incident, carried out a search operation and raided some homes in the area where the targeting took place, and were able to uncover those involved in the operation; one of them was killed while in the investigation prison, and that the "Fifth Corps" He vows to inflict the heaviest public punishment against them. "

It added, "The leader of the Fifth Corps, Yasser Al-Zoubi, also escaped an assassination attempt against him, by firing shots at him while he was passing on the road between the towns of Giza and Al-Mutaiya, east of Daraa. Al-Ghawazi, Al-Zoubi whose origin from the town of Taybeh, and used to work in a local opposition faction affiliated with the Southern Front, before the regime took control of the governorate and joined the Fifth Corps, while Muayad Al-Ghawazi was subjected to an assassination operation that claimed his life, after unknown gunmen shot him in the town of Saida, east of Daraa. Al-Ghawazi is considered a member of the Fifth Corps, following the settlement agreement in southern Syria, he was a former member of the opposition factions.

The newspaper said, "Adham al-Karrad, a former leader of the opposition factions in the city of Daraa al-Balad, threatened a “popular escalation” in Daraa governorate, southern Syria, if the violations and actions of the Syrian regime against the residents of the region continued, and if the Syrian army did not withdraw from the areas it entered after an agreement settlement to the city of Daraa Al-Balad. "

Al-Arab: Egypt rapprochement between Khalifa Haftar and Aqila Saleh before the Geneva dialogue

Regarding the Libyan issue, Al-Arab newspaper said: “Cairo seeks to conclude a reconciliation between the Commander-in-Chief of the Libyan Army, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, and Parliament Speaker Aqila Saleh, before holding” Geneva talks.

Egyptian political sources told Al-Arab that Cairo has evidence that the Geneva conference on the Libyan crisis, which is expected to take place in mid-October, will be crucial in moving the frozen situation and provides a new opportunity for settlement, and that Washington is determined to push in this direction, and wants to produce positive results. Before the US presidential election.

These sources confirmed that Cairo is making strenuous efforts to unify the vision of the Libyan military and parliament, in preparation for the expected settlement

This reconciliation, if completed, would end the isolation imposed on Haftar, which was largely evident through his marginalization in the preliminary talks that took place in Geneva and Morocco this month, in return for a large international and regional dependence on Aqila Saleh.

It seems clear that the allies of the army and parliament, led by Egypt and Russia, are concerned about the continuing differences between the two parties, which was reflected by Aqila Saleh's silence regarding the Sochi agreement between Haftar and Vice President of the Presidency Council, Ahmed Maitiq, to ​​re-pump oil.

This silence also reflects the deep gulf between the two parties, but it also indicates signs of Aqila Saleh's bias towards Washington at the expense of Russia, the sponsor of the oil agreement.

The differences between the two parties began since Agila Saleh announced his initiative, which came as the army retreated in the axes south of Tripoli, to which Haftar responded by announcing his acceptance of the popular mandate and assuming power in an attempt to block the way to Aqila Saleh, whose initiative was supported by Russia and Egypt.

Observers monitored multiple signals and movements indicating an international desire to put the Libyan crisis on the path to the correct solution, after Fayez al-Sarraj, the head of the reconciliation government, was forced to leave his post before the end of next October, that is, after the announcement of the Geneva outcomes.

It is expected that a comprehensive conference will be held in Switzerland with the participation of the relevant regional and international powers, in the presence of personalities representing different colors of the political and social spectrum in Libya, including those who appear for the first time in an official declared international meeting, belonging to the old regime.

Among the priorities of the talks were the formation of a new government and presidential council, the holding of general elections, and avoiding the mistakes that Libya had made in the past period, according to the results of the meetings held in Switzerland at the beginning of this September.

Haftar and Saleh adhere to fixing the ceasefire, not to breach the red line known as “Sirte - Al-Jufra”, the need to get rid of the Turkish presence, end the militia’s control of Tripoli, and deport the mercenaries and terrorists that Turkey recently pushed.

Al-Bayan: Hariri breaks the rigidity of forming and French optimism

In the Lebanese context, Al-Bayan newspaper said: “In the midst of a period of anticipation and waiting that is not yet clear, estimates and indications indicated that the government elections were deported until after the American elections. However, the former Lebanese Prime Minister, Saad Hariri, broke the deadlock of composition and political encounter that He nearly toppled the French initiative, so his new initiative revived the stalled French initiative, as well as revived hopes for the return of momentum to the line of forming, because the director proposed by Hariri, to free the composition of the Prime Minister-designate Mustafa Adib from the restrictions of obstruction, decided that the finance portfolio would be part of Hezbollah's share. Or Amal Movement, but that the president-designate himself nominates an independent minister for it on the basis of competence and integrity, an initiative that Paris welcomed. "

It added, "This step was a surprise, knowing that everyone's calculations were tending to adapt to the new situation, waiting for the president-designate to apologize, the French president's withdrawal of his initiative, and preparation for the worst that President Michel Aoun described as" hell. "

In the multiple readings, Hariri did not see an alternative to trying to save the French initiative as "the last chance to prevent Lebanon from falling into the unknown," according to his statement, so he shuffled the political cards and put the ball in the court of the two (Hezbollah and Amal Movement). So will the two agree to Hariri's initiative Then the President-designate presents his formation to the President of the Republic and the government is born, or will he continue his adherence to the second condition related to the right to name his ministers, which might push the other parties to hold him responsible for the government vacuum and abort the French initiative?

Meanwhile, France announced its support for the proposal submitted by Hariri, to end the crisis in forming the government, due to the financial portfolio dilemma that is still a stumbling block to the formation of the government of Mustafa Adib. The French Foreign Ministry welcomed Hariri's "courageous declaration."



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