August 2014 74th Extermination of Yezidis and Lessons Learned

Today, the 6th anniversary of the massacre of the century committed by ISIS mercenaries and their supporters against the Yezidis in Şengal province in 2014, coincides with the 74th massacre in the history of Yezidi society, the turning point and lessons learned.

The massacre committed against the Yezidis in Şengal province in 2014 is the second largest massacre in the past hundred years, after the "Srebrenica" massacre in Bosnia and Herzegovina that was committed by the Serbs against the Bosnians in Bosnia and Herzegovina in July 1995, which killed more than 8 thousand Bosnian Muslims. Within 3 days.

The Yezidi community was subjected to 74 massacres and genocides, which were known among the Yezidis as "decrees" throughout their long history, but the most brutal ones began from 1570 until the present day, the last of which is what the Yezidis are subjected to in Şengal at the hands of Turkey, while Yezidis seek to reducing these scenarios.

The decrees of the Ottomans aimed at erasing the culture of the Yazidi Kurds

Throughout history collective massacres and genocide committed against the Yezidis on their land, brutalized by the Ottomans: as "the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman Khan the Magnificent in 1570, the Decree Ali Pasha Ja Newlad in 1607, the Decree Ahmad Pasha in Amad" Diyarbakir in 1630, and the Decree Wali and an Shamsi Pasha 1650, Decree Wali "Amad" Diyarbakir Mustafa Pasha Ferrari in 1655, Decree Kaplan Pasha in 1674.

Decree Hassan Pasha in 1701, Furman Hassan Pasha al-Jalili in Wali of Mosul in 1723, and Furman governor of Mosul Muhammad Amin Pasha al-Jalili in 1766, Furman governor of Sulayman Pasha al-Jalili in 1776, Furman governor of Mosul Abd al-Baqi Pasha al-Jalili in 1786, Furman in 1792, Furman, governor of Mosul, Muhammad Pasha al-Jalili, in 1793.

Furman, Governor of Baghdad, Sulayman Pasha al-Kabir in 1791, Furman, Governor of Ali Pasha in 1803, Farman Qabad Beik Amir Behdinan with the Governor of Mosul Muhammad Pasha al-Jalili in 1805, Furman, Governor of Numan Pasha al-Jalili in 1807, Furman, Governor of Numan Pasha al-Jalili bin Sulaiman Pasha al-Jalili in 1808.

Decree, the mayor of Sinjar, Haj Ibrahim Beik in the year 1917, the massacre of Khalaf in 2007. Over all these years, the Yezidi people were subjected to extermination, the last of which was the massacre of the century in Şengal in August 2014.

ISIS mercenaries attacked Şengal regions, starting from the southeastern villages of Jabal Şengal, in an attempt to besiege the judiciary, and after failing to do so, they launched on August 3, 2014, at 3 am, their attack on the judiciary, starting from the villages of "Karzark, Kujwa, and Siba Sheikh Khadr, Rambousi, Tal Banad and Tal Al Qassab. "

Şengal is a district with a Yazidi majority, inhabited by more than 400,000 Kurdish Yazidis, along with some minorities from Shabak, Turkmen, and Arabs. It is located in Başûr, “south” Kurdistan, within the disputed areas between the Iraqi government and the government of Başûr, “south” of Kurdistan, west of the governorate. Iraqi Nineveh.

Şengal province was not free of the military forces, as more than 18,000 fighters from the Peshmerga government were deployed throughout the Kurdistan Regional Government, which is controlled by the KDP, but these forces escaped from their positions at the dawn of the same day, on the orders of the Kurdistan Democratic leadership to remain The defenseless Yezidi people alone alone face to face with mercenaries, according to what the co-chair of the Executive Body Firas Harbo has indicated in the Autonomous Administration Council of Şengal .

Observers described the abandonment of the region on the orders of the Kurdistan Democratic Leader, and coincided with several meetings between Democratic Intelligence and the Turkish state, the main supporter of ISIS, in secret cooperation between the two parties, to eliminate the Yazidi people.

Not all the efforts of the people of the region to defend the judiciary and stand up to the mercenaries did not succeed, as the volunteers ended up retreating, after ammunition was exhausted, and dozens of them were martyred, as a result of barbarism and intense bombing, and the large numbers of elements that the mercenaries brought into the attack

The process of international negligence and the Kurdistan Regional Government prompted the People and Women Protection Units and the People Defense Forces "Guerilla" to intervene, and foiled to the attack from the area, where it managed to secure a safe passage from Şengal Mountains to Rojava, and saved the lives of more than 10,000 people, to participate in what After in the liberation of Şengal province, along with the Guerilla fighters.

The attack left a massacre of 2,213 Yazidis, the displacement of more than 390,000, who spread in Başûr and Rojava Kurdistan, the destruction of 68 religious shrines, and the kidnapping of 6,417 children and women, as women were slaved with mercenaries, and children in propaganda and combat operations in separate areas of Iraq and Syria, according to the Autonomous Administration of Şengal Council.

"The Islamic State has sought to destroy the Yezidi religious group of 400,000 people, through killing, sexual slavery and other crimes," the UN investigators said in a report issued on December 16, 2016, and indicated that the Yezidi genocide continues.

In the same report, the United Nations called on the international community to take action to save thousands of Yazidis, including women, from ISIS's grip in both Syria and Iraq, and recognized that ISIS committed genocide against the religious group.

The people of the region were quick to engage in the armed struggle, and they organized themselves into factions, to be the beginning of the formation of the Şengal Protection Units on August 4 of the same year to support the People Defense Forces and the People and Women Protection Units YPG, YPJ in defending who still reminds on Şengal land, and liberate the judiciary from ISIS mercenaries, As a result of the great sacrifices made by the forces involved in the fighting, the liberation of the entire Şengal province was announced on November 13, 2015 after 14 months of resistance and fighting.

The co-chair of the Executive Body of the Autonomous Administration Council of Şengal, Firas Harbo says, "Not to exterminate the Yezidis in 2014, was based on two main points, firstly starting to stand up to, barring and deterring the barbaric attack, and secondly, the process of starting to organize the Yazidi community in conjunction with liberation and deterring the attack."

The military forces of Şengal Resistance Units:

On August 4, 2014, it was announced that military forces called “Şengal Resistance Units” would be formed, whose mission came initially to defend the region against ISIS mercenaries, and to support the forces participating in the liberation of the province, to expand the tasks of these forces later after the liberation process, and to turn into a system Integrated parties within the Iraqi National Army.

Today, Şengal Resistance Units are organizing themselves as an Iraqi national military force on Iraqi soil, and their tasks, according to its internal system, are "to defend the Yazidi community, its land, its values ​​and its ideology against any internal or external attack."

It operates according to its system on the principle of women's freedom and a democratic society, and depends on the moral-political society, the Kurdish national unity, and as a military force that performs its defensive duty, and respects every belief, culture, language, and nationalism, and defends and entrenches coexistence between peoples.

Over the past 6 years, it has played an important role in military operations against ISIS mercenaries, alongside the Iraqi army, and has secured stability in its areas of deployment, and has limited ISIS's return to liberated areas, in coordination with the Iraqi army in the region.

It contributed to the return of more than 170,000 internally displaced persons and refugees to the region, the liberation of more than 3,430 people kidnapped by ISIS, and their return to their families through their participation and coordination with the People and Women Protection Units in Rojava, during the military operations launched in Syria against ISIS.

Autonomous Administration

In an effort by the Yezidis in Şengal to manage their affairs and administer the region after the liberation, they announced on the day following the liberation on the 14th of November 2015 the formation of the Yazidi Şengal Constituent Assembly, to later develop into the Autonomous Administration of Şengal Council.

And on the importance of forming the council, the co-chair of the Autonomous Administration of Şengal, Reham Hajo told Hawar news agency ANHA, "After the last decree, we reached a conviction that if we do not manage ourselves, serve ourselves, and protect ourselves, no one will serve us and defend us from another, given what we have seen abandoning everyone About us during the attack on the province. "

She pointed out that it is an attempt and an endeavor to limit a similar process of abandonment, and said: "The formation of this council came to be the response to the massacre, and the genocides that the Yezidi people were subjected to Şengal, and to limit what Yezidis might face in the in the future."

"For the first time, Şengal residents were able to manage themselves by themselves, after the region was previously managed by parties outside the province," said Reham Hajo. "This administration today enabled the people of the region to manage themselves by themselves, without relying on people from outside", and showed that the people in Şengal Today, it organizes himself, and at the same time resists against the attacks it is exposed to. "

The Council has facilitated, during 6 consecutive years, the return of more than 173,000 people who have been displaced from the region, and provided the most important needs of the Yazidi community in Şengal province in order to exercise its normal life on its soil, build balanced relations with the neighborhood, and through coordination with the central Iraqi government.

Where the middle of last June witnessed a gradual return of the displaced families in the Başûr Kurdistan camps, after the return operations from the Rojava camps ended, and after the situation in the region stabilized.

The process of managing the Yezidi people themselves through local councils and civil institutions, its dependence on a military system to defend the region, and its vigilance about the dangers that the Yezidis might face in Şengal in the future, did not appear to be in line with the interests of some local parties in the country and neighboring regional countries.

Şengal is exposed from time to time to attacks and military targeting operations by Turkey, under its pretexts, the first of which was in April 2017, and the most prominent of these targeting operations, was targeting the member of the Yazidi Community Coordinator Mam Zaki Shankali on the 15th of August 2018, and the last in the 15th of June this year, 6 fighters of Şengal Protection Units were martyred.

Şengal was also exposed to numerous attempts to extend the KDP's control over the province, so the party launched through what they call "Peshmerga Roj", and some of the military factions affiliated with the Kurdistan Democratic Party, attacking several points of the Asayish Izidkhan and Şengal Resistance Units in the Khansour district on March 3, 2017.

And about what the region is exposed to, the co-chair of the Autonomous Administration Council of Şengal Reham Hajo indicated that the AA's Şengal is subject to many difficulties and obstacles, and attacks from enemies who work by various means to empty the content of the organization that happened in Şengal, and to thwart its institutions that were formed, to achieve its ambitions in the forefront of Turkey and the party The Kurdistan Democratic and related parties.

She noted that among the difficulties and obstacles also are the tricks that are planned against the Yazidi community in Şengal from abroad, which spares no efforts to thwart the project followed in Şengal, through some people with weak souls in the region, and through a special war that aims to tarnish of this project, to be Obstructing the development of the project in the region, and undermining the institutions and gains that had been achieved.

And based on everything that has been narrated, the Yazidis should circumvent the Yazidi religion and stay away from the parties that are trying to dismantle what the Yazidi community has reached, thanks to the sacrifices made by this people through its intellectuals and politicians, and call for unifying the vision and reaching a common point to force the Iraqi government to acknowledgment of this genocide that has befallen them, to limit the various attacks on the province is subjected by internal and regional parties, and to extract recognition of Şengal as a decentralized province linked to the federal government in Baghdad.



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