AZAD SEFO/NEWS DESK
The spring of the people, or as some prefer to call it the Arab Spring, which started from Tunisia and spread in many Arab countries demanding freedom and dignity, its spark reached in Syria on March 15, 2011, raising the slogan "No to Injustice and Tyranny and the Baath Party's Monopoly on Power and Wealth." The revolution spread to the Syrian cities and towns, but peaceful demonstrations quickly turned into an armed struggle for power because the regime used repression in the face of demonstrations and the intervention of regional forces in support of Muslim Brotherhood groups such as Qatar and Turkey and its revolutionary army in order to ensure the overthrow of the regime quickly and the seizure of power in this country.
Thus the revolution completely deviated from its demands
In addition, al-Qaeda and the Islamic Turkestan Party and other mercenary groups began to appear and with agendas that were contrary to the interests of the Syrian people and its revolution - the revolution of freedom and dignity - which led to the destruction of the country and the killing of hundreds of thousands of civilians and the displacement of millions internally and externally.
At the time when the Syrian cities suffering from destruction and killing, politicians, elders and dignitaries of the regions of Rojava, which is a small area of Syria in terms of mosaic population, met with Kurds, Arabs and Syriac Assyrians Chaldeans, Armenians, Circassians and Turkmen, and discussed a common formula they can through which they manage their areas, maintain their co-existence and prevent the people from killing and displacement. They declared Democratic Autonomous Administration on January 21-2014.
The idea of forming Autonomous Administration
The Kurdish people, in view of their exposure to discriminatory policies and repression by the Baathist regime, was more organized than the rest of the other peoples. Therefore, with the start of the Syrian revolution, it began to organize the people and make them aware of being dragged behind the foreign agendas. This revolution coincided with the formal announcement of the formation of the People's Protection Units (YPG). These forces continued to liberate the territory of Rojava from Afrin to Dêrik, and only a few security squares remained in the town of al-Hasaka and Qamishlo.
To manage this area, and to provide services to the people, there must have been an organizational structure that could carry out these tasks
PYD, founded in 2003 in Syria and whose members were subjected to arrest, torture and murder at a time when the Syrians were all supporting the Ba'athist regime, proposed a project to formally administer the regions of Rojava, named the "the Autonomous Administration" project.
After the announcement of the first features of the project, the forces hostile to the rights of the Kurdish people, led by neighboring Turkey, began to launch military attacks through mercenary groups, political and economic aimed at undermining the will of the components of Rouge Ava through some of the parties that managed the campaign in Syria. From the mercenaries and IS of Jabhat al-Nusra and the so-called Free Army, while the economic campaign was the imposition of a suffocating siege on the cities and regions of Rojava and the closure of the border crossings in order to force the people to kneel through the policy of starvation, the political campaign was linked to the economic siege campaign, many parties, movements and political parties were prevented from entering and leaving to Rojava.
Turkey tried to end the project in the cradle
After put forward the draft of the project by the Democratic Union Party, the Kurdistan People's Assembly and the so-called Kurdish National Council in Syria agreed to adopt the project and work for its implementation. The Council signed on September 8, 2013, 9 items for the project, which included several points, draft constitution, and the formation of Internal Security Forces to control security in the region.
And after the end of all preparations to announce the institutions formally and before announcing one day the so-called Kurdish National Council withdrew because it was a member of the Syrian National Council, which was located in Turkey without providing a clear reason for withdrawal to try to hit the project which was still in the cradle.
The official announcement of the formation of Democratic Autonomous Administration
On December 2, 2013, at the invitation of the Interim Management Project Preparation Committee, the Project Management Follow-up Committee held its second meeting. The main agreement was to change the project name from the Joint Interim Management Project to the Democratic Autonomous Administration Project, while at the meeting decided to designate the departments in the three cantons of the Democratic Autonomous Administration.
On January 21, 2014, the components of Rojava the Kurds, Arabs, Assyrians, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Armenians, and Circassians announced the Democratic Autonomous Administration, and then all the inhabitants of Rojava went to celebrate the first administration of the region.
For the first time in the history of Syria three official languages together
According to the social contract of Autonomous Administration, there are three official languages in al-Jazeera Region, Kurdish, Arab and Syriac. Each member of the Council takes the oath in its own language, and all documents and archives are processed in the three languages. In meetings and discussions there is no obligation to speak in one language, each member speaks the language he wishes.
Achievements despite difficulties
The northern and eastern regions of Syria were neglected by the Baathist regime. Therefore, Democratic Autonomous Administration faced many difficulties. In the first place, it managed to re-activate all institutions, accomplish many works and provide all services in the region.
As a result of the severe conflict in the Syrian areas, hundreds of thousands of displaced persons have moved to Autonomous Administration areas. This has led the Department to intensify its activities and activities to provide shelter for the displaced and establish large camps in several areas of northern and eastern Syria.
Local councils in the liberated areas
The peoples of the region also formed joint military forces in late 2015, they formed Syrian Democratic Forces, which undertook to liberate the rest of northern and eastern Syria from IS mercenaries. These forces began to liberate the area from al-Hool, al-Shadadi, Manbij, al-Tabqa and al-Raqqa, and is currently continuing its battle against IS in a small pocket in the village of Deir ez-Zor .
Autonomous Administration in North and East Syria
The representatives of these departments met together to form a joint administration that could develop the service side and establish a coordination mechanism among all the Autonomous Administration councils and administrations in northern and eastern Syria. Agreed in 2018 on the formation of Autonomous Administration in the north and east of Syria.