JIHAD ROJ ALAN ROJ/ NEWS DESK
Iskenderun occupied and conquered from the new Syria to join the Turkish territory after an international game in favor of Turkey after the Sykes-Picot agreement, after which Turkey would officially announce the integration of Iskenderun with Turkish territory exploiting the circumstances of World War II. The "stolen Iskenderun ", as Hafez al-Assad called it, became a Turkish province called" Hatay" instead of the Antakya canton, or Iskenderun, to be formally relinquished by Syria after the 1998 Egyptian-Iranian intervention in Adana agreement.
The same scenario is applied by Turkey today in al- Shahba, Afrin and Idlib in northern Syria, in front of the Syrian regime and the organizations that call themselves the Syrian opposition, without any moving to put an end to the Turkish ambitions.
How Turkey occupied Iskenderun ?
After the defeat of the Ottomans in World War I, Iskenderun was the victim of the partition agreement Sykes Pico, which was secretly conducted between France and Britain in 1916, it was the French's share, like the rest of Rojava's regions in Syria, the Ottoman recognized and admitted that Iskenderun is part of Syria in Sever Treaty in August 10, 1920, which signed with allied forces.
The Ottoman Empire after its defeat in the First World War in Syria, admitted that Iskenderun is part of Syria in the treatment of Sever 1920
In Lausanne Treaty in 1923 Turkey gave up the northern Syrian regions, including Iskenderun, but the Turkish ambitions remained there, which was administratively independent and was called Iskenderun until the announcement of the Administrative Organizations law in January 10, 1936, becoming the Syrian province No. 15, in 1936 France signed with Syria an agreement guaranteeing freedom and independence for Syria, including Iskenderun e and Syria's entry into Nations League.
In 1937, Turkey refused to keep Iskenderun within the Syrian state and demanded that it be transformed into an independent state like the Syrian and Lebanese states, and the creation of a federation among them, and raised the issue to the Nations League. France violated the mandate, which prevents the delegated state from abandoning any part of its territory.
Then the Turkish authorities began to enter tens of thousands of voters from Turkey to the Iskenderun after the provision of false identities, to be re-elections where the Syrians boycotted and the Turkish won lists by acclamation.
in July 18, 1938, Turkey and France formed a joint committee to supervise the elections. The electoral lists were reviewed and the restrictions of thousands of Syrian voters were abolished. The Syrians boycotted the elections and the Turkey won lists by acclamation. In September 2, 1938, Iskenderun's Council, which was elected after boycotting the Syrian elections, held its first session and was elected president and form a ministry of the Turks.
Then the Turkization stage started included everything in starting with its name, which became Hatay, displacing the original Syrian population, tampering with the identity of the demographic of Iskenderun, imposing the Turkish language, and adopting the Turkish lira as the official currency in violation of Nations League's order.
Turkish pressure and manipulation continued in Iskenderun until June 23, 1938, when France and Turkey agreed to introduce 2,500 Turkish soldiers to Iskenderun under the pretext of participating in maintaining security with the French forces.
Turkey exploited the outbreak of World War II in 1939 and the situation in Europe and the need for allies to join it or keep it neutral, especially after Montreux Treaty, which was held in July 20, 1939 became control of the straits in time of war and announced the final annexation of Iskenderun.
Syria maintained its demand to re-join Iskenderun. Syrian maps printed by Syria indicated that the Iskenderun was Syrian and was located within the Syrian territory. The Iskenderun had been subjected to various strife since Syria gained its independence.
When President Hafez al-Assad entrusted his ambassador Adnan Omran with the task of negotiating with the Turkish President's group and the army commander, Kanaan Efrin, he recommended not to sign any waiver of the " Iskenderun ". Thus, the negotiations continued for a long time without reaching a solution. The successive Syrian governments did not recognize the legitimacy of Iskenderun being part of Turkey, except with a cross-reference made by Bashar al-Assad in 2004.
There is a lot of talk about Syria's official concession to Turkey from Iskenderun in Adana Agreement in 1998. In the course of the research on this matter, what has been circulated is closer to the truth. Syria relinquished Iskenderun in Adana Agreement between the two sides. Officially Iskenderun, and the Syrian maps were subsequently printed without Iskenderun.
Egypt and Iran intervened on the crisis line between Syria and Turkey in 1998. This move culminated in Mubarak's visit to Ankara in October 4, 1998, at the head of a large security and political delegation to meet with Turkish President Suleiman Demirel and Prime Minister Bülent Ecevit, "Syria, including the Syrian regime's approval of all Turkish demands, including Damascus's waiver of its claim to the Iskenderun.
Tomorrow: al-Shahba' areas ... are they going to be another Iskenderun?