Changing politics in the Syrian file - Rauf Karkojan

Syria's readmission to the Arab League means that the League takes the lead in resolving the Syrian crisis. Although no concrete practical steps have yet been taken, it is clear that Assad's participation in the Arab summit means that he has in principle received strength and support. The adoption of the principle of "The problem of Arabs must remain among themselves" could be transformed into a gain for Assad. Although issues such as the maintenance of Syrian territorial integrity, the withdrawal of external forces, the fight against drugs, the return of refugees and security problems are at the forefront, they are a complex process and continue with mutual concessions.

Iran, Russia, America and Turkey are important players in the current Syrian crisis. Since the resolution of the crisis is directly linked to these external forces, the scale of the Arab role in this file raises questions. and it will take a long time for Arab States to lay the groundwork for the restoration of relations with Syria and the re-establishment of diplomatic channels with Syria. Radically solving problems and discussing solutions takes time, but at least the Arab summit in Jeddah revealed an intention to reform relations.

The other scenario includes the secret plan for Moscow's quadripartite meeting, based on the removal of the United States of America from the region, i.e. its withdrawal, and AANES’ areas under the control of the Damascus Government. The agreement also includes the extradition of a number of former officers in Turkey to Damascus, which is seen as a practical step paving the way for the return of Turkish-Syrian relations, and the media reported that a number of former officers have already been extradited to Syria.

Turkey's policy, which will continue with Hakan Vidan, could include anything. It was this man who said, "Launch a number of missiles into Turkey from there and start war", and he will now continue this approach publicly as Foreign Minister. Hakan Fidan has secret ties with Syria at the intelligence level and is sure to devote more of his time to Syria.

In addition, it is not yet clear whether or not Syria will adhere to the requirement of Turkey's "withdrawal of its troops and cessation of mercenary support", as Syria has established this as a precondition for the meeting of presidents. They seek to overcome the foreign policy deficit by appointing an advisor to the Turkish Intelligence Service (MÊT) as foreign minister, so surprising scenarios can emerge with regard to Syria.

Since there has been no change in Turkey's Kurdish extermination policies other than military options, there could be developments of Kurdish interest in Syria as well. whether a new occupation attempt or a conspiracy to deal with the regime; Certainly, all options are based on anti-Kurdish. A new roadmap is expected to emerge in Turkey-Syria relations, and some agreements over time can be seen as initial normalization actions and steps, and whatever happens; It certainly would not be in the interest of AANES.

It should be noted that Turkey will use all opportunities to eliminate and liquidate AANES. The same applies to the Government of Damascus. The more the Damascus Government, whose liquidation plans are in line with Turkey's plans, will gain strength and influence on the international scene as it will increase its pressure on self-administration. It must be realized that the current situation depends on the political balances of external forces and if they change, they will cause unexpected problems to AANES. The more powerful the State becomes, the more it returns to its previous course and regains its sovereignty. At present, they have not involved AANES in solving Syria's problems and crises, which indicates that they will seek a solution that does not include Kurds. The repercussions of the change in foreign policy, which appeared on the Syrian file after the Turkish elections, will lead to clearer AANES attitudes and approaches.

The United States presence in the region complicates Turkish solution scenarios. Naturally, in a territory where interests are changing, relations between forces also change, so there is no other option for AANES but to prepare for the worst prospects.

The Syrian crisis is complex, and any outcome that emerges in Rojava or in Bakur Kurdistan (Northern Kurdistan) will have the potential to influence the rest and change the policies of dominant countries.

The Kurdish issue in both Turkey and Syria will be one of the most important regional agendas in the future, and we can see developments that determine the future of AANES.So, AANES must therefore be prepared for all diplomatic, political and military developments, and the people must also be prepared for such processes.