Since the outbreak of the 2011 revolution, the government has adopted the strategy of remaining in the power, to preserve the nation-state that does not accept pluralism, and eliminate the revolution. This opened the door to external intervention and the occupation of parts of the Syrian geography.
The government pursues the security and military option, instead of dialogue and responding to the demands of the Syrian society for freedom and reforms.
'Stalinist regime adopts security solutions'
The Syrian journalist Omar al-Miqdad attributes the government's policy to its foundations on what he called the "Stalinist regime," and said: "The regime does not have political solutions, because it is basically a Stalinist regime."
He continued: "The regime's solutions are always of security nature, because it believes that the political solution will lead to its overthrow, so it is impossible for the regime to engage in any kind of dialogue."
Coinciding with the Damascus government military solutions in dealing 2011 peaceful protestors, democratic opposition forces emerged in Syria that take the principle of dialogue as their basis to solve the Syrian crisis radically.
The Syrian Democratic Council (SDC) was formed in northeast Syria, and managed to rally the various political parties behind one goal of fulfilling the freedom and equality for all Syrian peoples.
The SDC has continuously sought radical solutions to the Syrian crisis, relying on the Syrian-Syrian dialogue, considering it the only way to preserve the country's unity, but the Council clashes with the mentality of the Damascus government, which rejects dialogue.
Product of a military coup
In this context, Ibrahim al-Talaj, member of the leadership committee of the Modernity and Democracy Party, says: “The Syrian regime came to power through a military coup in 1970. It depends on the military approach in its basic structure to solve their issues with the Syrian people, and this is what led to where we are now. "
Meetings did not develop to the level of talks
Since its establishment in 2015, the SDC has not hesitated to work seriously to provide a suitable ground to reach radical solutions to the Syrian crisis. It constantly searches for ways to unify the Syrian national efforts.
The Council has repeatedly tried to communicate with the government to find political solutions, but it remained without developing into discussions.
'Damascus still adopts a racist mentality instead of a political project for a solution'
The deputy co-chair of the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria Badran Çiya Kurd said in a statement that "the Damascus government does not have a political position or project. On the other hand, it still adopts a racist mentality."
He added, "So far, all Damascus efforts are still focused on returning to its previous state. All attempts at mediation have not yielded results."
Çiya Kurd asserted that "the Damascus government has blocked the dialogue, and it has recently proved in the Geneva meetings that the Damascus government is not ready for dialogue with any party."
Damascus’s intransigence prolongs the crisis and opens the way for occupation and external intervention
The intransigence of the government has negatively affected the Syrian society, and prolonged the Syrian crisis, prolonging the suffering of the people and paving the way for more external interference and the occupation of large parts by Turkey.
In this context, al-Talaj, affirmed that "the effects are clear today in the rupture of the Syrian fabric, the collapse of the economy, and the foreign interference in the country and the occupied Syrian lands."
For his part, the Syrian journalist Omar Miqdad believes that "the regime's intransigence and solutions led to the creation of a rift between the Syrian components, especially the religions, sects and nationalities as a result of the regime's entrenchment behind the policy of protecting some minorities at the expense of others."
Observers believe that the Syrian government cannot go back to 2011, and that its rejection of dialogue will lead the country to the abyss in light of external interference and the occupation of parts of Syrian lands.