This week, Arab newspapers touched on the failure of the Astana round, the situation in northern and eastern Syria, the events in Sudan and Algeria, the repercussions of Erdogan's loss of local elections and other important issues in the Arab arena.
Al-Sharq al-Awsat: Kurdish leader: Macaron promised protection
Arabic newspapers this week addressed several topics, the most important of which was the Syrian issue. In this context, Al-Sharq Al-Awsat reported on the visit of the Syrian Democratic Council to France. "Elham Ahmed, head of the Executive Committee of the Arab-Kurdish Syrian Democratic Council, confirmed that French President Emmanuel Macaron promised a delegation of the council to continue to provide military support and protect their areas from "any threat".
Macaron met with a delegation from the Syrian Democratic Council, including Elham Ahmed, Autonomous Administration adviser, Badran Çiya, co-chair of the Executive Council of the autonomous region in northern and eastern Syria Abd Mehbash, representative of the Democratic Union Party in France Khalid Issa, Nisreen Abdullah, and spokesman for the Syrian Democratic Forces Kino Gabriel.
Al-Arab: Russia dedicates its hegemony on the Syrian coast by hiring the port of Tartous
For its part, Al-Arab newspaper reported Russian control of Syria. "Russia has devoted its hegemony to the Syrian coast by leasing the port of Tartous for half a century. This port gives it a strategic view of the warm waters of the Mediterranean.
Observers pointed out that it reflects a war between Russia and Iran. Moscow confirms to Tehran that the Syrian decision is in the hands of Russia.
Al-Sharq al-Awsat: News about keeping America one thousand soldiers east of Syria
"The United States, which announced the decision to keep 400 US troops in northern Syria and the border base between Syria, Iraq and Jordan, will raise the number to 1,000," the Middle East news agency reported.
Al-Arab: Russian painkillers to ease "Astana" failure in solving Constitutional Committee dilemma
On the meeting of Astana, Al-Arab newspaper "Russia's special envoy to Syria, Alexander Lavrentiev on Friday, the Syrian government and opposition groups and supporters of the parties could agree on the formation of a constitutional committee in the coming months."
The two-day talks between Iran, Russia and Turkey ended in Kazakhstan on Friday, with UN envoy Geir Pedersen present without any progress on the creation of the commission.
"The two sides have so far failed to agree on the composition of the constitutional commission, and the new round of talks in Nour Sultan(Astana formerly) did not result in a significant breakthrough," Lavrentiev said.
A Western diplomat said that even if the committee agreed, "its work will take a long time and will not come to a firm conclusion."
There is no real sign that the Syrian crisis will be brought to an end. Despite Damascus' direct intervention in 2015, Damascus is at the heart of the balance of power in its favor on the ground, but that is not enough, as the file is more complex and intertwined.
Al-Sharq al-Awsat: Algerians continue to demonstrate ... Army chief clings to constitutional choice
Al-Sharq Al-Awsat newspaper said that while the National Liberation Front, the majority party in Algeria, had cast its commander in oblivion at an emergency meeting to choose a successor, the army chief of staff, Qayed Saleh al-Hark, attacked the regime's symbols again. The departure of interim President Abdul Qader bin Saleh, Prime Minister Noureddine Badawi, and the abolition of the presidency of the fourth of next July. "
Al-Bayan: Libyan army: Tripoli battle is decisive
In the Libyan affair, the Libyan army spokesman Ahmed al-Mesmari stressed that the battle of Tripoli would be decisive against terrorist groups and the army's reserve forces were preparing to open new fronts in the capital, while British reports revealed that armed militias in the Libyan capital were forcing illegal immigrants "We will use infantry and armored forces in the coming battles, and the slow pace of operations is due to our concern to protect civilians," he said during a press conference.
Al-Hayat: Yemeni vice president confirms continuation of military operations until completion of liberation
"Yemeni Vice President Ali Mohsen Saleh confirmed the determination of the political leadership in his country to continue the military operations until the completion of liberation and defeating Houthi militia backed by Iran, and work to lift the suffering of Yemenis."
Al-Sharq al-Awsat: Khamenei replaces the commander of the «Guard»
On Iran, Al-Sharq Al-Awsat newspaper said: "Two weeks after Washington classified the IRGC on the terrorism list, Iranian leader Ali Khamenei issued a decree to dismiss the commander of the Guards, Mohammed Ali Jafari, and appoint his deputy, Hussein Salami, as his successor.
Khamenei stresses in the decree to appoint Salami, known for his hardline positions, the importance of expanding the ideological dimensions of the Guards, as well as" enhancing its multifaceted capabilities "and" the readiness of all its sectors. "
Al-Arab: Washington is ready to punish its closest allies to prevent the export of Iranian oil
"The campaign to tighten US sanctions against Iran has entered a new phase that could undermine all aspects of economic life by declaring Washington canceling all exemptions granted to eight countries last November," the newspaper said.
"The White House statement reduces President Donald Trump's determination to impose" maximum pressure "to ensure that" Iranian oil exports are zero "and thus" deprive the regime of its primary source of income. "
As of May 2, the eight countries - China, India, Turkey, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Italy and Greece - have completely stopped buying Iranian oil.
"If you do not comply, there will be sanctions," US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in a cautionary tone. "We are determined to apply these sanctions."
"Turkey can issue some protests, but it may find itself forced to stop after realizing the high price that the differences with Washington could lead to," Pompeo said.
Al-Sharq al-Awsat: "Easter massacres" in Sri Lanka shocked the world
"A series of massacres at Sri Lanka's churches and hotels during the Easter holiday yesterday left at least 207 dead and more than 450 wounded with a global shock and a wave of convictions," Asharq al-Awsat reported.
"Eight people have been arrested in connection with the bombings," said Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, who said in a televised address: "So far, our names are local, but investigators are looking to see if they have (relations with the outside) terrorist attacks, the Sri Lankan authorities announced curfew, disrupting social networks to prevent the publication of "untrue and false news" after the bombings, the most violent in the country since the end of the civil war 10 years ago.
Al-Arabs: Elections' shock drives Davutoglu to rebel against Erdogan
"The winds of change have begun to blow against the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) in Turkey after losing its influence in the largest cities during the local elections, amid expectations of an internal crisis in the party, the first of which reflected strong criticism of former Prime Minister Ahmed Davutoğlu to Recep Tayyip Erdogan, because of the absence of disintegration of the party institutions and the absence of dialogue within it, which indicates an uprising between the "old guard" who worked with Erdogan during his premiership before being marginalized because of the ego and the desire to consolidate the powers of the Turkish president, and Ahmed Davutoğlu drew sharp criticism of the Justice and Justice To develop, on Monday, and blamed the party's poor performance in local elections last month to change policies and alliance with nationalists. "