After 6 years have passed since the last massacre of the Yazidis, and despite the end of ISIS in the field, their wounds have not been healed. The mercenaries and their supporters who continue to commit crimes were not held accountable, and the Yazidi community and after 74 firmans realized that the organization of the rank is the only way to prevent the repetition of another massacre "firman."
Throughout its long history, the Yazidi community has experienced 74 massacres, known among the Yazidis a firmans "genocidal campaigns," most of which were carried out by the Ottoman ancestors of the current Turks, for the last to be at the hand of their supporter, the grandson of the Ottomans, as well.
The extermination campaigns among the Yazidis were known as firmans in relation to the word "firman", which is a Persian word meaning "an order, rule, or constitution signed by the Sultan." The Ottoman firman is a law by order of the Ottoman sultan himself, and signed by him, and it is enforceable without return, giving legitimacy to kill the Yazidi Kurds by order of the Sultan or the Ottoman governor himself.
The massacres were carried out by some extremist Islamic groups that legitimized according to fatwas that the Yazidis must be fought along the geography of Kurdistan.
In the year 1570 AD, the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman Khan Al-Qanuni issued a firman after a fatwa was issued against the Yazidis by the official mufti of the state, Abu Saud Al-Aradi, in which he permitted killing them publicly and selling them in markets legally.
A history of brutal attacks aimed at exterminating the source of ancient Kurdish culture
Some historical sources mention that the Roman Empire attacked Şengal when it was under the control of the Arameans, and its people resisted the Roman invasion, but they could not stop the Roman armies, and Muslims entered it under the leadership of Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari two decades after the emergence of Islam.
Almost a thousand years ago, the Seljuk armies, led by Tughril Bey, attacked Iraq and southern Kurdistan before the armies reached Baghdad, its route was passing from Şengal, and in defense of the city, about4,000 of its people who were besieged for about a month were killed.
Some historians say that the Seljuks were forced to request reinforcements because of the city's strong resistance to them, but the "dark" period for the Yazidis was the period of the Ottoman Sultanate. Once again the armies coming from Turkey carried out massacres in the region. Hostility to the Yazidis was present, especially since they are the source of ancient Kurdish heritage and culture so the primary goal was annihilation.
The targeting of Yazidis has not only occurred in Şengal, but massacres against them have been carried out throughout the geography of Kurdistan.
Bloody history renewed itself in Şengal
Throughout history, and since then until 2014, in particular in August, the bloody history of Yazidis has been repeated in the same way, for the century slaughter of Şengal to be registered again.
Mercenaries have called themselves the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant "ISIS" and with regional and specifically Turkish funding launched a brutal attack on Şengal province in southern Kurdistan (Başûr Kurdistan), and carried out massacres against the Yazidi Kurds there.
According to eyewitnesses who escaped the massacre, that on the night of August 3rd at 2:30 am, the mercenaries launched their barbaric attack on the Yazidis. Despite the resistance of some young Yazidis who volunteered to defend Şengal in the village of Siah Sheikh Khedr and Girz Zirk; however, ISIS managed to invade Şengal after the Kurdistan Democratic Peshmerga members fled on the orders they had received from their leaders, and withdrew all heavy weapons.
The survivors headed to the foothills of Şengal Mount which has remained for the entire 74th of the firmans the only protector of the Yazidis, and did not geographically fall into the hands of any attacking force.
Hundreds of thousands of Yazidis remained trapped without water or food amid the scorching summer heat until the People's Defense Forces (Guerrilla) intervened from the mountains of Kurdistan towards Şengal, and sacrificed many martyrs in order to protect the survivors, and the People and Women Protection Units (YPG and YPJ) opened a humanitarian corridor from Şengal towards Rojava to be the "New Life Corridor" for the Yazidis.
The same charge since the days of the Ottomans to ISIS and the National Army mercenaries
Thousands of Yazidis were killed, more than 3,000 Yazidi women were kidnapped, and the mercenaries traded them, dozens of Yazidi religious cemeteries were completely destroyed under the pretext of "unbelief and apostasy," the same accusation that was inflicted to them from the days of the Ottomans to ISIS after distorting the history of Yazidi community deliberately.
All Yazidis know what happened to Walate Khalta "Diyar Khalta clan," which is more than 400 Yazidi villages that were inhabited by thousands of Yazidi Kurds from the well-known Khalta clan, in the valleys and foothills of Bakok Mountains "Taurus" before the Ottomans launched attacks on them, burnt those villages and displaced its people who survived the Ottoman massacres.
ISIS was not the only one who attacked the Yazidis. In Syria, the Yazidis were subjected to similar actions as those in Şengal. The mercenaries of the Turkish occupation, "the Syrian National Army," and after they occupied Afrin and Serêkaniyê during 2018 and 2019, they also destroyed Yazidi religious shrines and seized the homes of the Yazidis . They even called them the traits of disbelief and apostasy, in the hearing of the Turkish state and its President Erdogan.
Erdogan used hatred speech against Yazidis
After the Şengal massacre and the asylum of some Yazidi families to the lands of Bakur Kurdistan, the Turkish state never welcomed them, and Recep Tayyip Erdogan accused the Yazidis of being unbelievers and used a hatred speech against them, while the Kurdish movements prevented the Yazidis from being attacked in Turkey.
The Turkish state and international institutions did not provide support for the Yazidis' camps, while the municipalities that were administered by the Democratic People's Party (HDP) provided funding to the camps with the support of activists and some non-governmental organizations.
After a year and a half, many Yazidis returned to Şengal, they were afraid of the Turkish state as two years later, most of the camps in the region were closed.
Turkey is trying to implement what ISIS did not ... Organization of the rank to stand against the genocide
Since 2017 and up to 2020, Turkey has not ceased targeting Şengal and its people, more than 13 Turkish air strikes were launched against Şengal province since the expulsion of ISIS mercenaries from it, which confirms that ISIS attacked Şengal with direct Turkish support, so Turkey is trying to implement what ISIS has not been able to end targeting the ancient Kurdish heritage store, and emptying Şengal of its people to strip them of their culture that they derived from their homes.
After 6 years, and specifically during June this year, the wave of return for the Yazidis who were displaced from Şengal after ISIS' attack, and who settled in Başûr Kurdistan camps began, but it seems that this did not satisfy Turkey and was inconsistent with its occupational plans for the geography of Kurdistan and the cultural eradication of the Kurds who lost a large part of it due to the firmans that took place against the Yazidis.
On Sunday night, June 15th, the Turkish warplanes bombed with more than 32 air strikes areas of Şengal Mountains, but the return continued after that as well.
After the last massacre, the Yazidis finally decided to organize themselves. A few days after ISIS' attack, young Yazidis began to volunteer and join Şengal Resistance Units and the Guerrilla Forces that came from the mountains of Kurdistan to help the Yazidis and took shelter in Şengal Mountain, freeing them from the inevitable death. Socially, the Autonomous Administration Council in Şengal has become the umbrella for Şengal people, so that what happened after 74th firman will be a turn in the history of the Yazidis to stand against the annihilation to register for the first time in their history the presence of their own military forces protecting them.