The elections are taking place against the backdrop of an economic crisis in the country with the intensification of the American pressure campaign on it that targeted the Quds Force Commander Qassem Soleimani. These elections are the most important because of their coming after the outbreak of large demonstrations against the backdrop of raising fuel prices.
In 2016, Iran witnessed similar elections, during which an alliance of reformists and moderates favoring President Hassan Rouhani succeeded in defeating the conservatives who had controlled the council since 2004.
Rouhani was able to achieve his progress due to the entry into force of the nuclear agreement between Iran and the western countries at the beginning of 2016, and hopes were revived for the normalization of Iran's relations with the international community, and the lifting of the sanctions that were imposed on them, thus improving the Iranian economy.
However, this time, the situation is different. These hopes were somewhat dissipated after the nuclear deal entered the stage of clinical death after the withdrawal of US President Donald Trump from him, just as the Iranians ’hopes of ending economic sanctions ended, in addition to the killing of Qassem Soleimani, all of which the conservatives will use as a power card.
Observers believe that the conservatives may achieve a strong return after the Guardian Council, charged with accrediting the candidates running for the elections, canceled about 6,850 candidates from the moderates and reformists out of around 14,000 who applied to contest the elections, and 7,296 candidates remained competing to win 290 seats in the Shura Council.