The involvement of regional and international sides in IS' expansion
HASSEN REMMO / NEWS DESK
After IS' controlling several areas in Syria and Iraq, they got weapons in large quantities through plans in which regional and international forces were involved. In addition, Turkey opened its borders to buy oil, provide military support and facilitate passing the terrorists to Syria and Iraq. In this dossier, we will talk about the expansion of IS in Syria and Iraq, the meetings held to facilitate that, the attack on the Kurdish areas and the so-called Caliphate State.
A meeting in Oman and IS expands in Syria
IS mercenaries were known of their brutality using the bombs at the beginning of each attack. Within a short period of intimidating everybody, the regional and international countries sought to exploit IS to achieve their interests in Syria and Iraq.
Ozgur Gondem newspaper in Bakur (North Kurdistan) and Turkey obtained information from its own sources that a meeting was held in Oman in Jordan in June 1, 2014 in the presence of representatives of the United States, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and the Kurdistan Democratic Party. During the meeting, IS' organized attacks in Syria and Iraq were planned for after this period, so as to give the opportunity for those parties to intervene in the affairs of Syria and Iraq according to their interests.
The United States of America wanted to find a permanent presence in the region, Israel wanted to confront Iran, while Turkey's first and last goal was to eliminate the Kurds and control Aleppo, the areas of al-Jazeera region in Syria, and al-Mosul and Kirkuk in Iraq to revive the Milli Charter which considers these territories to be Ottoman. Turkey used the Kurdistan Democratic Party to pass its plans within the Kurdish areas by virtue of the close relationship between the two parties.
IS controls the entire of al-Raqqa governorate
Since al-Raqqa city has been out of the control of the Syrian regime on 4 March 2013, there has been a presence of IS in the city due to Jabhet al-Nusra's presence which used to move with the groups of the so-called Free Army. As Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi announced the integration of al-Nusra and the Islamic State of Iraq in one organization called the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham in April 2014, the elements al-Nusra were turned into IS, and soon, IS began to penetrate in the other groups until it took control of the city in full in January 2014.
After controlling the city, IS headed towards al-Raqqa countryside, and controlled the headquarters of the 17th Division in July 2014, the headquarters of the 93rd Brigade in Ain Issa in August 7, and finally al-Tabqa military airport on 24 August 2014 and thus, the entire al-Raqqa governorate has become under IS' control, and it has got weapons and ammunition.
IS controls al-Mosul and expands in Salah al-Din and Kirkuk governorates
In 2014, IS began controlling the Iraqi big cities. Several days after Oman meeting, specifically in June 9, IS launched an attack on al-Mosul city, a Sunni majority in Nineveh governorate, and despite the presence of many military units of the Iraqi army, tanks and helicopters, the Iraqi army did not resist a few hundred mercenaries, left all the weapons and ammunition and fled out of the city. In June 10, IS took full control of al-Mosul and then headed to the surrounding villages and towns and controlled them. In June 15, IS attacked Tel Afar city and controlled it.
After controlling Nineveh governorate, IS attacked the cities of Salah al-din governorate, north of Baghdad, and took control of Tikrit city in June 30. In the same month, IS controlled al-Hawija province of Kirkuk governorate and other districts. Thus, it expanded in Iraq and Syria.
IS declared the so-called Caliphate State
After IS controlled large areas of Iraq and Syria and removed the border between the two countries by controlling them, the spokesman of IS Abu Mohammed al-Adnani (killed In August 30, 2016 in battles with the Syrian Democratic Forces in the vicinity of Afrin) and in a video depicted in June 29, 2014 announced the establishment of the so-called Islamic State on the territories controlled by IS in both Iraq and Syria.
He also announced the change the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham's name to the Islamic State, declared the pledge allegiance of IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi as a successor to the Muslims, and IS' adoption al-Raqqa city as a capital of its alleged caliphate.
IS attacks Şengal
Consulate was existed and with an intelligence trick, Turkey said that IS arrested the Turkish consul and 48 consular employees. IS began targeting the areas Turkey looks at in Iraq and Syria as part of the Ottoman Empire, while they are the areas where the Kurdish people live. On August 3, 2014, IS mercenaries launched an attack on Şengal province of Başûr (South Kurdistan), and this attack was preceded by a meeting held between the leaders of Başûr Kurdistan Region and the Turkish government. After that, Peshmerga forces of the Kurdistan Democratic Party withdrew from Şengal, and thus, the way has been open to the mercenaries to launch an attack on the province.
The mercenaries committed massacres against the Kurdish Yazidi people and dozens of thousands of people displaced towards Şengal Mountain. In order to protect them from the massacres, the People's Protection Units (YPG) and the Kurdistan People's Defense Forces (HPG) headed towards Şengal Mountains after the Peshmerga forces withdrew. They defended the people and opened a safe humanitarian corridor that links Şengal Mountains with Rojava, through which they transferred thousands of people who were living difficult conditions on the mountains to Rojava.
This safe corridor was fiercely attacked by IS mercenaries as the mercenaries attacked al-Rabi'a town of Başûr (south Kurdistan) and al-Jaz'a town in al-Jazeera canton in Rojava in order to control the humanitarian corridor. YPG repelled this attack and fierce clashes erupted in which hundreds of mercenaries were killed, and they were inflicted with heavy casualties in the souls of equipment, and al-Rabi'a town of Başûr was completely liberated from the mercenaries on the 2nd of October 2014 as it was handed over later to the Iraqi forces.
Killing the foreign journalists
In August 2014, a video was published showing the headhunter Mohammed Amwazi with London-accent who was nicknamed "the Jihadist John" while he was killing the American journalist James Foley in a chilling manner.
Weeks later, more and more American and British journalists and relief workers, including Steven Sutlov, David Haines, Alan Henning, Peter Kaseg (who had become Muslim and changed his name to Abdul Rahman) were shown being slaughtered in similar videos of production and output including IS' terrible warnings. Later, the Syrian Democratic Forces arrested Mohammed Amwazi.
After Şengal, the attack on Kobanî
In September 15, 2014, at the request of Turkey, IS attacked Kobanî canton. In September 17, Turkey sent tanks and arms to IS mercenaries across its borders in Selib Qeran village, east of Kobanî which was under the control of IS mercenaries. The Turkish support continued entering the mercenaries and weapons until September 20, when IS mercenaries released 49 Turks who were present at the Turkish consulate in al-Mosul. Erdogan then claimed that they had been liberated by an intelligence operation although IS delivered them to Tel Abyed crossing border and delivered them to the Turkish authorities. Turkey released 180 IS for that. This has explained to everybody the complicity of the Justice and Development Party's government in IS' attack on Kobanî canton, especially with the Turkish army's attack and police on Babur people who had gathered on the border to support Kobanî resistance.
When IS failed to occupy Kobanî, Turkey opened its territories for IS mercenaries to attack Kobanî from there. On 29 November 2014 at 05:00 am , with a vehicle loaded by explosives and suicide bombers, IS mercenaries attacked Kobanî through Murshed Benar crossing border, and the mercenaries entered from the eastern side across the Turkish border of Sawame' al-Heboub (grain silos) area, and attacked the city. IS blasted the booby-trapped vehicle coming from inside the Turkish territories at the border crossing, and two terrorists blew up themselves. After these bombings, the mercenaries began to attack and violent clashes erupted in which YPG chased the mercenaries inside the Turkish territories and exterminated them. Then, Hawar news agency documented with video footage how IS mercenaries launched attacks from the Turkish territory and fled towards it after the attacks failed.
The International Coalition did not intervene in the beginning
After the rapid control on large areas and cities in Syria and Iraq, the US raids against IS in Iraq began in August 7, 2014 and in September 11, the Foreign Ministers of America and European and Asian countries held meetings in which they signed the document to form the coalition, but although the Turkish Foreign Minister attended the meeting, Turkey which provided support to IS did not join the International Coalition until two years later.
Although the International Coalition was targeting IS in Iraq and began targeting it in Syria starting from September 23, 2014, but avoided the raids on IS that was attacking Kobanî at the time. With the resistance shown by YPG and YPJ under the global pressure influence, the International Coalition was obliged to launch raids on IS in Kobanî for the first time in September 29.
IS reached many countries, executions in Libya and attacks in Saudi Arabia
On 13 November 2014, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi announced in an audio tape that the so-called "Caliphate" reached Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Libya, Algeria and Egypt. Then, on 15 February 2015, he issued a video tape showing the slaughter of 21 Egyptian Copts by Libyan supporters on the Mediterranean coast. On 22 May 2015 IS conducted the first suicide bombing in Saudi Arabia targeting Husseiniya in which more than 20 people were killed during Friday prayers.
Tomorrow: IS' defeat, a risk coming from gangs supported by Turkey