IS…from beginning to end; Turkey-funded gangs share same mentality -4

The resistance of Kobanî was a key point in the war against IS. The attack of IS which controlled every region failed to occupy Kobanî. This opened the way for the Global Coalition to cooperate with the People's and Women's Protection Units (YPG and YPJ) and later the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) to eliminate this global threat, but despite IS' defeat, Turkey-supported groups in Syria adopt the same mentality which the whole world must be cautious about.

IS defeat, a threat is coming by gangs supported by Turkey


As the resistance of Kobanî and its liberation began in the beginning of 2015, IS began to lose lands it occupied in Syria, as well as in Iraq, until it lost all of these lands despite the regional and international support for it, but it was able to recruit followers in many countries of the world, including Syria after the mercenaries escaped from the ranks of IS and went to Turkey, which brought them and formed new groups but under different names. In the final part of our dossier, we will talk about a crushing defeat in Syria and Iraq, the declaration by many groups of their loyalty to IS and the danger posed by the Turkish-backed mercenary groups.

IS' defeat in Kobanî, and the start of losing areas it captured

After 134 days of resistance, the People's and Women's Protection Units completely liberated the city of Kobanî from IS mercenaries on January 26, 2015 after it attacked them on 15 September 2014. YPJ launched a campaign to liberate it, and later the Syrian Democratic Forces in cooperation with the Global Coalition launched campaigns one by one.

It is noteworthy that IS mercenaries who started losing the land in Syria. On February 3, 2015, they executed the Jordanian pilot Moaz al-Kassasibh after the fall of his F-16 warplane while carrying out a military mission at al-Raqqa sites in northern Syria. The People's Protection Units issued a statement in which Moaz al-Kassasibh was considered the martyr of the Kobanî resistance.

The following is an account of the areas lost in Syria by a series of history:

February 27-2015, the liberation of Tel Hamis district in al-Jazeera region.

February 28- 2015, the liberation of Tel Barak in al-Jazeera region.

March 5, 2015, the liberation of al-Sheioukh Fouqani and Tahtani of Kobanî canton.

On May 6, 2015, at the request of the people of Tel Tamr, al Hasakah and Serê Kaniyê, the People's Protection Units carried out a campaign called a campaign to liberate the western countryside of al-Jazeera canton.

In June 23, 2015, the headquarters of the 93rd Brigade was liberated in Ain Issa. On 7 July, Ain Isa 55 km north-east of the city of al-Raqqa was liberated.

On June 24 and 25, 2015, a new conspiracy took place. On June 24, pro-regime groups helped the entry of IS to al-Hasakah and the control of large areas, prompting the People's Protection Units to defend them until their release on July 16 of the same year. On 25 June, more than 80 mercenaries entered with the help of Turkey into the city of Kobanî and committed a massacre in which 253 people were killed. In response, the People's Protection Units launched a reprisal campaign for the victims of Kobanî massacre on July 27.

IS, which lost land on the eastern bank of the Euphrates River, occupied Palmyra in May 2015, but the regime restored it after 10 months and lost it again for IS on December 11, 2016 and, IS lost it to the regime after a period of time.

The formation of SDF and campaigns to end IS in Syria

In October 15, 2015, the revolutionary military forces in northern and eastern Syria announced the formation of SDF that undertook the liberation of the people of the region and their soil. In October 31, the Syrian Democratic Forces carried out their first campaign to liberate the southern countryside of al-Hasakah. In October 15, SDF announced the liberation of al-Hol. In December 23, 2015, SDF announced the liberation of Kobanî. Within 7 days, SDF were able to liberate the area, including the strategic Dam of the Euphrates River.

On February 16, 2016, the Syrian Democratic Forces launched a campaign of Wrath of al-Khabour to liberate al-Shaddadi from IS, and they liberated the town on the 19th of the same month.

On June 1, 2016, the Syrian Democratic Forces, at the request of the Manbij Military Council, launched a campaign to liberate the city of Manbij, later named the martyr Faisal Abu Leila campaign.

On November 6, 2017, the Syrian Democratic Forces launched their largest campaign that aimed at liberating the city of Raqqa, which declared by IS as the capital of its alleged succession in 2014. The campaign included five stages, the last of which was the major battle for the liberation of the city of al-Raqqa. During the five stages, SDF were able to liberate the countryside at first, al-Tabqa and the Euphrates Dam on 10 May 2017. Finally, SDF were able to liberate the city of al-Raqqa on 17 October 2017 and officially declared it after three days in the city of al-Raqqa.

On September 9, 2017, SDF launched a campaign to liberate Deir ez-Zor countryside from IS mercenaries, but stopped at the beginning of 2018 because of Turkey's aggression against Afrin canton, but SDF resumed the campaign in September 2018 until the entire region was liberated on serial stages.

IS also was defeated in Iraq

Since the control of IS on the territory of Iraq, the Shiite forces in the country as well as the US-led Coalition Forces moved to eliminate IS and prevent its access to the capital Baghdad. The Iraqi forces and the armed groups formed under various labels launched attacks against areas controlled by IS and managed to seize it the control. In April 1, 2015, the Iraqi forces regained control of Tikrit city.

On November 13, 2015, Şengal Resistance Units supported by the People Defense Forces liberated the city of Şengal.

In December 28, 2015, the Iraqi forces gained control of the city of Ramadi. In June 26, 2016, the Iraqi army regained the city of Fallujah. In September 22, 2016, the army took control of al-Sharqat.

The most prominent event in Iraq was the announcement of the start of al-Mosul city liberation campaign in October 17, 2016 until the Iraqi forces were able to recover it on 10 July 2017.

In early November 2017, the Iraqi forces announced the control of the city of al-Qaem on the border with Syria, and in December 9, 2017, the Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Abadi announced the control of the Iraqi army completely on the Syrian-Iraqi border, stressing the end of the war against IS in Iraq.

IS spreads in different parts of the world

IS exploitation of the conditions in the region and the support it received from the neighboring countries, especially Turkey and Qatar helped it to spread rapidly in Syria and Iraq, which encouraged many groups with the same mentality in different countries to declare loyalty to them. These groups have announced their loyalty to IS in 2014, and there are now groups in about 20 countries that have announced the al-Bay'ah (pledge of allegiance) to IS.

The existence of such large number of groups that pledged of allegiance to IS would be very helpful in re-positioning and spreading whenever it is wanted, and therefore, the presence of countries that support IS, especially Turkey and Qatar and the existence of such groups that can provide the elements would be very easy for IS to spread in the world and strike the states it wants.

Beware of the danger coming from Turkish groups

Some may think that IS ends up once its alleged succession is terminated, but you must look into the reasons that helped IS emerge and dominate large areas over a record period. The existence of a similar mentality, the availability of training venues, the availability of funds and military and logistical support would lead to the emergence of a different IS with different names.

In this context, it should be noted that the mercenary groups supported by Turkey in Syria adopt IS' ideology, even if they do not declare it openly. These groups were elements of the so-called Free Army.

Turkey now has the task of protecting these groups in Syria through 12 monitoring points set up in Syria, so humanity should be wary of AKP's schemes and its clear and frank support for terrorists in Syria, Iraq and Libya, and the various countries where terrorists are loyal to IS.



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