The session touched upon the human rights aspect of Daesh terrorism
The international law expert and professor at the University of Cape in South Africa and human rights activist Mahmoud Patel, and a member of the Human Rights Committee in North and East Syria to try Daesh the lawyer Luqman Khader Ibrahim, Professor of Law at the University of Paris and Associate Scientific Director of the Encyclopedia of the French Criminal Law and is on the list of Counselors at the International Criminal Court in The Hague Dominique Anshebeh.
In his speech, Mahmud Patel referred to the experience that Africa has experienced and to linking the situation in northeastern Syria to the situation in Africa. "The situation here is as it is in Africa, freedom and access are the right of all and the people of the region must continue to demand fully legitimate rights ".
As for the necessity of prosecuting Daesh mercenaries and characterizing their crimes, the lawyer and a member of the Human Rights Committee in North and East Syria pointed out that the violations and crimes committed by Daesh mercenaries against the people of north and east of Syria and other areas such as Kobani, Şengal, Shuaiteh areas, and the area of Shiite Atlah, Tel-Hasel, Tel-Aran are crimes according to international conventions and the United Nations and the Security Council, and stressed the need to prosecute Daesh mercenaries in special courts and in areas where the massacres have been committed .
Local courts must be recognized and supported the start of the Court of Daesh.
And Luqman Khadr Ibrahim for the presence of eyewitnesses to the violations and crimes committed by Daesh mercenaries in the north and east of Syria, and the formation of a court in this area will facilitate the process of trial and conduct, and said: "These courts must be in these areas, and Joint tribunals must be established with the United Nations, the recognition of local courts, their support by international judges and the human rights and logistical capabilities of all international parties to start the trial of these mercenaries should be more effective because parents will also be able to participate in those trials."
The United Nations has two decisions that can be used to prosecute Daesh
In the same context, and on how to prosecute members and families of Daesh mercenaries in accordance with international laws and conventions, the professor of law at the University of Paris and the scientific director of the Encyclopedia of the French Criminal Law and registered in the list of advisers at the International Criminal Court in The Hague Dominique Anshebeh pointed out that international courts are the best ways to try "The United Nations has two resolutions that the region may be able to benefit from, namely Resolution No. 721 of 2014 and Resolution 2149 of 2015, which recognize the responsibility of the International Coalition for the Prosecution of terrorists, and that the Coalition Forces' Make decisions against terrorism must be adopted in international law. "
"These two resolutions are in place and there is no need for a new UN resolution. The issue may be political, but it is not impossible to establish international tribunals," he said. "The most important logic, it is not impossible to establish an international tribunal. The second possibility is the International Criminal Court. It is also responsible for these issues. We must communicate with those parties to reach this agreement. "
Will the international community hold Turkey accountable for supporting mercenary gangs in Syria?
The first session of the third day included a written intervention by Rami Abdel Rahman, in which he revealed some evidence of links between Daesh and Turkey in terms of facilitating their crossing into Syrian territory, military support, attracting foreigners to mercenary ranks, and Turkey's policy in Syria. "All the evidence about the support of the Turkish state for mercenary gangs, the sound recordings, the pictures and the reports all confirm that support. Turkey is trying to fight its opponents at home and abroad, and there are many reports proving the facilitation of the Turkish state of transit of foreign mercenary groups to Syrian territory. Along its border with Syria through some of the people of Turkey and its intelligence institutions, in order to join of al-Qaeda and Daesh"
Rami Abdul Rahman noted that all the documents and evidence that were kept of the military forces' hands, when many of these mercenaries were killed, they showed how mercenaries were entering Turkey, proving their foreign and Arab nationality and regional and Asian countries, as well as some eyewitnesses from the leaders of Daesh mercenaries those who have been captured by the SDF proved the link between Daesh and Turkey.
Abdul Rahman concluded his written intervention, which was sent to the forum by asking about the attitude of the international community towards Turkey after 6 years of its intervention in the Syrian crisis and the resulting killing, sabotage, pillage, looting and land confiscation. "Turkey will revive Dash mercenaries after their elimination, in the town of al-Bagouz east of the Syrian city of Deir-ez-Zor, and there are fears of the use of these groups to re-attacks onSDF' fighters, and whether the international community will hold Turkey accountable for its support of mercenary gangs in Syria and what he left in the country for six years?
On the massacres, practices and violations of Daesh mercenaries' human rights and the rights of women, there was a written intervention that came to the forum from lawyer Magdulin Hassan, in which she said: "Daesh used the Yazidi women as a propaganda campaign to attract fighters to its ranks and to intimidate religious and national components and minorities.
The International Forum is now continuing its work by convening the second and final session, which will touch upon solutions and proposals to deal with Daesh terrorism and how dealing with Daesh mercenaries in several aspects like, political, military, security, economic, social, legal, cultural and religious.