SHILAN MOHAMMED/ MANBIJ
The Syrian revolution from peace to militarization
The Syrian crisis got complicated a year after its inception after the intervention of the regional and international countries in its internal affairs. The Syrian revolution was derailed in its course to call for freedom. This opened the way to militarization, becoming an arena of international conflicts and internal strife based on sectarian and ethnical conflicts in other regions, and to attract terrorism as recently emerged, represented by IS and Jabhet al-Nusra.
The reality of the crisis has been a burden to the Syrian people, especially after many parties took up arms with the aim of militarizing the Syrian revolution which was activated in early 2012. Shortly after the acquisition of weapons by some mercenaries in Syria's chaos in 2012, the people were also forced to take up arms in order to defend themselves and protect their areas at first, and later turned into a tool to counter terrorism after organizing themselves.
Taking up arms in order to defend their areas
Examples of the areas whose people carried weapons to defend themselves amid the chaos that dominated Syria are the regions of north and east Syria. Then, the people organized themselves to form their military forces after being subjected to many threats and attacks by several mercenary groups, the most recent of that were IS and the Turkish occupation. Those forces managed to make efforts and stand together to protect the security and people of their areas among them are Manbij Military Council Forces (MMC) as despite the international consensus on these forces, they are still conflicting with the mercenaries of various names amid attempts by Turkey to remove them from the areas liberated by the blood of martyrs.
The leadership of Manbij people called to be named this way
MMC are Syrian military forces formed in Manbij from the sons and daughters of the people of Manbij and its clans of various components, and named itself MMC because of the participation of several factions and battalions of fighters formed of Manbij people after the factions were working separately from each other within various areas and military forces in the Syrian geography, most of them were deployed in the areas liberated by the People and Women Protection Units (YPG, YPJ). Moreover, these factions played an important role in defending those areas as in Kobanî fighting IS mercenaries according to the official spokesman of MMC Shervan Darwish.
SDF are the coordinator between MMC and the Global Coalition
The circumstances and political and military atmosphere to fight IS mercenaries after the great sacrifices made by the Arab factions from Manbij city together with YPG and YPJ in both Kobanî and Tishreen Dam paved the way for the formation of MMC with great support by the US-led International Coalition and SDF with the aim of liberating Manbij city which was under the control of IS mercenaries. In this regard the General Commander of MMC Mohammed Abu Adel said, "The support of SDF and the Global Coalition had great role to liberate Manbij city and form MMC."
The announcement of MMC's formation
MMC was formed on April 2- 2016 by the gathering of all the military forces and factions which included fighters from the sons and daughters of Manbij; "Ketaeb Shems al-Shemal , Ketaeb Thewar Manbij, Lewa Jund al-Heramin, Tajemo' Alawiet al-Furat, Tajemo' Ketaeb Shems al-Shemal, Liwa al-Qosi, Ketibet (Battalion) Manbij's Turkmen" after holding many meetings between these factions in Serin area. MMC was announced by a statement read on the body of Tishreen Dam by the Commander-in-Chief Adnan Abu Amjad who was martyred during his participation in the Wrath of the Euphrates to liberate al-Raqqa city.
Manbij Council operates in accordance with internal regulations compatible with international covenants
MMC depended in the machinery of its organizational work on an internal system determined by the members and the leadership of the council. Its rules of procedure provide for several main principles, the most important of which are "the protection of the areas of Manbij, the use of the legitimate right of defense in the event of any external aggression, as stipulated in international covenants, the protection of public and private property in the region, the preservation of its forces' values in freedom, democracy and co-existence, denouncing racism, hatred and violence towards the surrounding society, the protection of the material and moral values of the region , and relying on the international conventions concerning prisoners of war.
The MMC command's structure helped to reduce the chaos
The General Command of MMC was consisted of 37 commanders and officers of the battalions, regiments, and brigades of MMC, namely the commander-in-chief, 4 deputies including the spokesman, 17 officials of the administrative offices, 5 members of the brigade's leadership, 7 members of the military regiments in addition to 3 members of the command of regions and fronts. The commander-in-chief is authorized to approve the decisions of the General Command, while the latter is authorized to elect the spokesperson from his four deputies in addition to its task to be responsible for checking and monitoring the activities and movements of the military forces in all its military units.
International consensus led America to rely on MMC to liberate Manbij
After the formation of MMC in April 2016, a military operation was launched to liberate Manbij from the hand of IS which had faced many challenges and difficulties due to the Turkish intervention and threats to block the military campaign against its mercenaries of IS, but after pressures from the Global Coalition, Turkey was forced not to interfere in the operation that started by MMC to liberate the city with the direct support of SDF backed by the Global Coalition, and the consensus took place during a meeting held at Incirlik airbase of Turkey that brought together the commanders of MMC, the Global Coalition and military commanders from Turkey.
Manbij liberation campaign
The liberation campaign began in June 1, 2016 due to the appeals of tribal elders and people of the region after the international consensus on the operation by the forces of MMC with the support of SDF and the Global Coalition to liberate the city from IS mercenaries as it was considered a corridor for IS mercenaries from Turkey to the other regions of Syria. The battles lasted for 76 days, during which the troops liberated the city on August 15, 2016.
SDF withdrew and delivered the administration of the city to its people
After Manbij liberation, SDF, YPG and YPJ troops returned to their areas, east of the Euphrates in September 20 of the same year as agreed by MMC, the Global Coalition and Turkey.
The deployment of MMC on the border began and the city was handed over to a civil administration
MMC fighters handed over their points of deployment inside the city to the Democratic Civil Administration in Manbij and its villages on 25 September 2016 after MMC ended its military operations against IS mercenaries.
299 fighters from various areas of Syria were martyred in Manbij liberation campaign
MMC and SDF sacrificed 299 fighters during the military operations that were launched to liberate the city, and 784 fighters got wounded according to what MMC mentioned in the statement of the city's liberation.
No link between MMC and SDF
The official spokesman of MMC, Shervan Darwish, said narrating the Council's history that their forces are independent of the other military forces in the area, and that their decision is taken by the General Command of the Council and not by other forces.
MMC works according to regional and international consensuses
In this way, the troops of MMC have fulfilled their promises before the Global Coalition towards Turkey to liberate the city and hand it over to its people, and to retain only the forces of MMC in the liberated areas as part of the campaign to liberate the city.
Tomorrow: The second phase of MMC organization as an organized army as agreed in Incirlik.