The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reports that some 5,835,000 people have been displaced in Syria since 2011. 50% are children, 35% are women and 15% are men.
Annual reports of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) confirmed these statistics in the context of an annual report released last year.
Most of the displaced and Syrian refugees went outside Syria, while the rest went to the areas of Rojava because they are safe and stable.
At the beginning of the war, people moved to the safe areas of northern and eastern Syria
In the midst of the war in Rojava, the people of Rojava did not take sides in the conflict. They chose the "third approach" and so many people from different parts of Syria went to northern and eastern Syria since the beginning of the war. The waves of displacement included the areas of Raqqa, Deir Ezzor, Hama, Homs and many other areas where there were conflicts and wars. The people of these areas went mainly to the areas of Rojava and northern and eastern Syria.
On the other side of the border, the Iraqi border, many Iraqi citizens have fled as a result of ISIS mercenary attacks on the border areas, and therefore some 200,000 Iraqis have fled to northern and eastern Syria. Most Iraqi refugees have settled in Hasakah. Some of them went to Al Houl camp in Hasaka canton.
The camps of northern and eastern Syria
According to information and data of the Democratic Autonomous Administration in northern and eastern Syria, there were five camps for displaced people and refugees before the Turkish attack in 9 October. The numbers of IDPs living in each camp are as follows:
Roj camp: It is home to 22,000 people, including two thousand families of ISIS mercenaries, in addition to 20,000 displaced people from Deir Ezzor and Raqqa areas.
Newruz camp: there were 10,000 Yazidis from Şengal, and this number decreased later.
Al-Houl camp: 100,000 IDPs, including 60,000 families of ISIS mercenaries, are home to 40,000 Iraqis.
Ain Issa refugee camp: 60,000 IDPs, including 5,000 ISIS mercenaries, and 55,000 residents of Raqqa.
The total number of IDPs in the camps is approximately 200,000
After the Turkish occupation army and its mercenaries attacked northern and eastern Syria, ISIS mercenaries burned Ein Isa camp, forcing the displaced to leave the camp. The families of ISIS mercenaries fled to the occupied city of Girê Spi by the Turkish occupation army. Most of the displaced have gone to Kobani and Raqqa.
Before the occupation .. Afrin was a refuge for the displaced
After the Turkish occupation army and its mercenaries occupied Afrin canton in March 2018, there was a mass exodus from Afrin. Before the occupation, Afrin canton was home to some 300,000 displaced people. With the beginning of the civil war in Syria in 2011, some 200,000 displaced people from different Syrian regions such as Homs, Hama, Idlib, Jarablus and Bab, went to Afrin canton.
As the number of displaced people increased, the population of Afrin canton increased to about 500,000, where the displaced people were accommodated in the camps of Robar and al-Shahba.
After the occupation of Afrin by the Turkish occupation army and its mercenaries, about 300 thousand people were displaced, while the property and homes of the displaced were looted by the mercenaries and were not allowed to return to their areas, and there are still hundreds of thousands of displaced people who are unable to return to their homes.
Before the occupation, the Kurds in Afrin were about 80%, but the region was subjected to ethnic cleansing policies. The 150,000 displaced people of Afrin are currently living in Aleppo and Al-Shahba camps.
Those who remained outside the camps went to Tal Rifaat, Aleppo, Kobani and Hasaka.
In addition to the camps, thousands of residents of Raqqa and Deir Ezzor fleeing the war live in the cities of al-Hasakah, al-Qamishli, Kobani, Amuda, Dêrik and the rest of northern and eastern Syria.
The Turkish occupying state uses the Syrian refugee card for political gain, far from morality and customs. It also receives billions of dollars annually from the United Nations on the pretext of refugees. However, the Autonomous Administration is working with its own potential to help about one million displaced people in northern and eastern Syria.
Another wave of displacement after Turkish occupation state’s attacks
After the beginning of the attacks of the Turkish occupation army and its mercenaries on the north and east of Syria in 9 October, a new wave of displacement began.
According to the information obtained, the numbers of displaced persons are as follows:
Displaced people from Serekaniye to the city center of Hasakah: 36,722
Displaced people from Serekaniye to villages in the southern countryside of the city: 1,235
Displaced people from Serekaniye and its countryside to Tel Tamr: 25,234
Displaced people from the city of Amuda and its villages who went to the villages of the southern countryside of the city: 8,000
Displaced from the border areas of Al-Jawadiyah towards the south of the area: 4,000
Displaced people from the city of Darbasiyah and its countryside to the southern areas of the city and the city of Hasaka: 11,630
IDPs from villages on the border in Dêrik area to the south of the city: 6,303
Number of IDPs displaced from Dêrik to Tel Koçer: 1,335
Residents displaced from Qamishlo to the southern areas of the city: 6,228
Displaced from Qamishlo to Tel Hamis: 353
IDPs from the border areas of Tirbe Spiye to the south of the city: 5,000
The number of displaced people to the city of Hasakah: 113,000 and 659
Displaced from Tall Abyad to Raqqa: 10,200
Displaced people from Ain Issa: 2,500
Displaced people from Tall Abyad to Raqqa countryside: 19,500
Displaced from Ain Issa and its countryside to the town of Garniyeh: 973
Displaced people from the north to the south of Ain Issa: 2,500
Displaced from Tall Abyad to Ain Issa: 6,000
Displaced from Suluk and its countryside to Ain Issa and Raqqa: 11,700
The total number of displaced to Raqqa was 52,200
According to UN data, as a result of attacks by the Turkish army and its mercenaries in 9 October, 180,000 people from Serekaniye and Tel Abyad were displaced.
However, the Democratic Autonomous Administration in northern and eastern Syria indicated that the number of displaced people from the north and east of Syria, led by Serekaniye and Tal Abyad, reached 300,000.
Displaced people live in places such as mosques and schools in the city of al-Hasakah, Raqqa and al-Tabqa, and are in very poor conditions.
The Social Affairs Authority in the administration indicated that they continue to count the number of displaced people. According to the statistics they have conducted so far, the number of displaced people in the cities of Al-Hasakah and Raqqa alone is 159,721.