​​​​​​​NE, Syria in 2020 ... constant attacks, diplomatic openness, and service development

The attacks of the Turkish occuaption and its gangs have been launching on NE, Syria since 2020, and the areas witnessed diplomatic moves inside and outside, hardwork to serve the area.

2020 was full with events in NE, Syria, the Turkish occuaption attacks did not stop on NE, Syria, despite the agreements with Russia and US, and the contiunatuion of the security forces to follow ISIS cells, as well as to develop service sector to the citizens in the area.

The most prominent political events

26 Jan 2020 with holding conference with the participation political parties under slogan" Enhancing the approach of the Democracy and participatory in North and East of Syria" in Amoda city, focused on the constitutional operation, and why the peopel of NE, Syria had been excluded of it?

February 11 - The Human Rights Defense Initiative and the Committee for Documenting Genocide Crimes against the Kurdish People announced the collection of more than 117,000 signatures condemning the Turkish violations, and subsequently submitted them to the concerned organizations, to demand the perpetrators appearing before international courts.

February 20 - The Notables of North and East Syria organized a community dialogue forum in al-Hasakah under the slogan "The cohesion of components with its free identity is our path to national unity." 

February 22 - The United Nations proposed using the Tal Abyad crossing on the border between Syria and Turkey to deliver aid to civilians in northeastern Syria. Eldar Khalil, a member of the Presidency of the Democratic Union Party, commented on the proposal, saying: “The proposal is public support for the Turkish project in Syria under the names of humanity.

February 24/25 - The Democratic Union Party held its eighth conference, under the slogan “With the Democratic Union, we defeat the occupation, develop the Autonomous Administration, and establishing a democratic Syria,” in the presence of 600 delegates, in which Anwar Muslim and Aisha Hassou were elected to the co-presidency.

May 3 - Representatives of social sects in Rojava launched an initiative to support the unification of the Kurdish ranks, under the slogan "The mass initiative for the unity of the Kurdish ranks."

July 25 - The first conference of the Future Syria Party, the Idlib branch, was held under the slogan "a decentralized democratic Syria, consolidating Autonomous Administration, strengthening the Syrian Democratic Forces", in the city of Raqqa.

August 29 - The Future Syria Party held its general conference, with the participation of 315 delegates, in the city of Raqqa, which ended with the election of Siham Daoud as Secretary-General of the party to succeed the martyr Hevrin Khalaf, who was assassinated by Turkish mercenaries in October 2019.

April 4 - The Syrian Democratic Council announced the formation of a committee to follow up the file of detainees and abductees in Syria, during a press conference in Qamishlo.

May 18 - Parties and movements in Rojava formed a political umbrella called "Kurdish National Unity Parties", with the aim of moving a new stage in the path of uniting the Kurdish ranks, during a meeting in Qamishlo.

June 10 - The second phase of the Kurdish-Kurdish talks started, with the participation of the representative committee and Commander- in- Chief of SDC Mazloum Abdi and US advisor William Rubak, and it ended with a common political vision.

June 17 - During a conference held in the Austrian capital Vienna, the Syrian National Assembly announced its accession

September 14 - A televised meeting between the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, the leadership of the Syrian Democratic Forces and the Autonomous Administration of Northern and Eastern Syria.

And between September and October, the Syrian Democratic Council held 13 dialogue seminars in the cities of northern and eastern Syria in preparation for holding the "National Conference for the People of al-Jazeera and the Euphrates", which was held on November 25 with the participation of 300 people, in the city of al-Hasakah.

The conference touched upon the Syrian-Syrian dialogue, means of participating in the political process, ending tyranny, terrorism and occupation, developing and empowering AA, ensuring freedoms and rights and applying the law, achieving social justice, equality and the safe and voluntary return of the displaced to their homes, ending all forms of demographic change, releasing political detainees, and revealing the fate of the kidnapped and disappeared..

The meeting agreed on a working paper that included 16 items for its implementation, and formed a "follow-up committee" to follow up on the goals. The committee started its first meeting on November 30, and three committees were formed to supervise the work of AA's committees and bodies, which began their duties immediately.

Diplomatic delegations visit north and east Syria

February 12 - A meeting between the Autonomous Administration and the US envoy, William Robak, reviewed the latest political and economic developments in the region.

February 18 - Member of the Republican Party in the US Congress and Chairman of the Congressional Armament Committee Ralph Abraham met with the Commander in Chief of the Syrian Democratic Forces, Mazloum Abdi.

February 23 - A Belgian delegation, which included Belgian Member of Parliament, Georges Delmeneche, President of the Organization of Victims of Terrorism in France and Belgium, Philippe Fasten Scape, and a number of journalists, visited northern and eastern Syria.

April 29 - The US State Department met with 14 Kurdish parties and forces in northern and eastern Syria.

July 7 - The Commander-in-Chief of the Syrian Democratic Forces, Mazloum Abdi, received the commander of the Russian forces in Syria, and they discussed common issues, including Turkey's violations of the concluded agreements, and on July 10 - the Commander-in-Chief of the SDF received the commander of the US Central Forces, General Kenneth McKenzie.

September 15 - A British delegation headed by the British Special Envoy to Syria Martin Longden visited the regions of north and east Syria.

October 17 - A delegation from the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs visited the region and held a series of meetings with officials of the Autonomous Administration.

October 22 - A delegation from the Republic of Albania officially visited the region, headed by Ambassador Mark Gharib.

October 28 - The American Commission for International Religious Freedom visited the regions of northern and eastern Syria and held several meetings in various regions.

October 26 - The advisor to the Prime Minister of Uzbekistan and the former Uzbek consul to Russia, Mahr al-Din Khaira Dynov, visited northern and eastern Syria.

On December 4, a Belgian delegation visited the regions of north and east Syria, and a Tajik delegation followed suit on December 7.

On December 17, a Finnish delegation visited the region.

During the visit of some delegations, the External Relations Department of the Autonomous Administration handed over 200 children and 29 ISIS women to those delegations to return them to their countries, and the majority of the recipients were from "Russia, France, Norway, Canada, Albania, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Britain."

Diplomatic tours abroad

Several parties from the Syrian Democratic Council and the Democratic Autonomous Administration DAA made several tours abroad, to talk about the situation in northern and eastern Syria.

January 30 - A delegation from the Autonomous Administration met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Finland, Becka Haavisto.

February 13 - A joint political delegation from the SDC and the Autonomous Administration met with the Norwegian Deputy Foreign Minister Odon Halvorsen, the special representative for the Syria and Iraq file, Knut Elif Lin, and the chief advisor for the Peace and Reconciliation Department, Andreas Klobrandsen, at the Norwegian Ministry's headquarters.

The delegation continued its external meetings on the same day, with officials from the Swedish government in the capital, Stockholm.

February 19 - A delegation from the Autonomous Administration met with the Belgian Foreign Ministry in the Foreign Ministry building in the capital, Brussels.

February 26 - An expanded meeting was held on the experience of the Autonomous Administration in Northern and Eastern Syria, and the trial of ISIS elements, in the Swiss city of Geneva, attended by representatives of European countries, academicians, and a delegation from northern and eastern Syria.

July 16 - The Assistant Secretary-General of the Arab League, Hossam Zaki, received the representative of the Syrian Democratic Council in Egypt, Sihanouk Dibo, at the university’s headquarters.

August 31 - The Syrian Democratic Council and the Popular Will Party signed a joint memorandum of understanding during a press conference in the Russian capital, Moscow, after which the two parties held a meeting with the Russian Foreign Ministry.

The Turkish occupation attacks did not stop

The attacks of the Turkish occupation and its mercenaries did not stop throughout the year on Ain Issa and its villages, Tal Tamr and Zarkan and its villages, in addition to al-Shahba canton and Sherawa district in the occupied Afrin, in addition to their continuing to commit war crimes in the occupied areas (Afrin, Serêkaniyê and Tal Abyad.

As a result of the Turkish occupation's attacks and targeting the regions of northern and eastern Syria during the year 2020, 37 civilians were killed (11 in Ain Issa, 23 in the countryside of Gire Spi/Tal-Abyed, 3 children were killed in the bombing of al-Shahba and Sherawa), 11 civilians were injured in Tal Tamr and Zarkan, and more than 6 civilians in the bombing of the Turkish occupation on al-Shahba and Sherawa district.

In addition, Turkey took advantage of the silence of the Russian and American guarantors, and began bombing the region with UAV. On April 28, a UAV targeted a center for the ISF in Kobani.

On June 23, a Turkish UAV targeted 3 female activists at Kongra Star while they were in a house in the village of Helanj, east of Kobani.

On August 6, a Turkish UAV targeted a civilian installation for the manufacture of electrical cables in the city of Qamishlo, and as a result a civilian was wounded, and on October 20, a drone targeted a vehicle for civilians in the village of Merzah in Dirk countryside, killing two civilians.

The semi-annual report of the United Nations Human Rights Council documented the violations of Turkey and its mercenaries in the occupied territories, and pointed to the spread of violence and criminal activities since Turkey's occupation of Afrin, Jarablus, Idlib and Tal Abyad. The report documented an increase in killings, kidnappings, involuntary transfer of people, appropriation of land and property, and forced evictions, it pointed out that "the violations were directed against women and children, targeting the minorities such as Yazidis, Kurds and Christians, and many of them were subjected to ethnic cleansing in these areas, explaining that Turkey and its mercenaries forced 150,000 people to flee Afrin, "contributing to a demographic change similar to the ethnic cleansing that took place in the Balkans in the 1990s."

October 14, US President Donald Trump directed to extend the national emergency related to the situation in northeastern Syria for one year, while holding Turkey responsible for exposing civilians to danger in addition to threatening the national security and the foreign policy of the United States.

With the advent of the olive season, the Turkish occupation army and its mercenaries began to loot the olive harvest in Afrin, sources told ANHA  agency.

Regarding the violations of the Turkish occupation in Afrin, where a reliable source told our agency that the Turkish occupation state looted about 90 thousand tons of olive olives from occupied Afrin and marketed them to the United States of America and European countries, during this year.

With the intensification of the Turkish occupation attacks on Ain Issa, Tal-Abyed Military Council announced on December 9 that it had reached an agreement to deploy joint observation points with the Russian army and the Syrian government on the international road.

Despite all these attacks, the Syrian Democratic Forces continued their security campaigns to pursue ISIS cells, as they launched a large-scale military campaign in the countryside of al-Hasakah and Deir-ez-Zor in the name of "Deterring Terrorism" on June 4, which lasted for 6 days, and ended with the arrest of 110 mercenaries, while The second phase was launched on July 17, in which 31 mercenaries were arrested.

The arrest of intelligence cells

April 19 - The Anti-Terror Unit of the Manbij Military Council arrested a Turkish intelligence cell working to smuggle weapons from the occupied areas to the Autonomous Administration areas in northern and eastern Syria and deliver them to sleeper cells in the region.

April 6 - Internal Security Forces arrested a recruited five-person cell operating within the Autonomous Administration institutions.

May 7 - Anti-Terror Forces arrested the financial official of ISIS mercenary cells in Raqqa.

May 21 - Special units of the Syrian Democratic Forces arrested a sleeper cell of ISIS mercenaries, whose masterminded it in the occupied Serêkaniyê region.

The Internal Security Forces dismantled an intelligence network of 6 people affiliated with the Turkish Intelligence (MIT).

June 30 - The Internal Security Forces arrested members of a group of Turkish mercenaries who carried out assassinations in the countryside of al-Shaddadi.

July 28 - Security forces arrested a cell directly linked to Turkish intelligence.

August 4 - The SDF, in cooperation with the Internal Security Forces, launched a combing campaign in the countryside of Deir-ez-Zor against the background of the assassinations committed by the sleeper cells against the people of the region.

The Internal Security Forces were able, during security operations, to disolve many cells of spies that the Syrian government had recruited in the regions of north and east Syria.

Several riots were carried out by ISIS mercenaries, who were detained in Ghuwairan prison in the city of al-Hasakah.

The Internal Security Forces announced that they had thwarted 700 escape and trafficking attempts for women and children of ISIS from al-Hol camp during this year, and arrested 100 people who participated in the traffickig attempts.

Services ..

January 13 - The Democratic Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria held its annual meeting and focused on the need to intensify support for strategic sectors such as health, agriculture, education, and services. In response, on January 26, a small committee of economists and administrators was formed to contain the economic crisis and take urgent measures. .

The Energy Authority has equipped the largest electricity project in northern and eastern Syria at the Al-Jabsa plant, east of Al-Shaddadi district, at a cost of $ 60 million, provided that it feeds the southern region of al-Hasakah, with an actual capacity of 30 megawatts.

January 20 - The Supply Directorate in Kobani opened a center to sell food at low prices, and allocated $ 200,000 to it.

January 26 - The Health Authority of Al-Jazeera region inaugurated a radiology and magnetic resonance center in Qamishlo.

February 13 - The Democratic Civil Administration in the city of Manbij and its countryside began erecting the first tents in the “Jadidat Al-Hamar” camp for Idlib IDPs, which is home for thousnds of IDPs.

February 17 - The Health Authority in Al-Jazeera Region activated Eye Department in the Heart and Eye Hospital, after it was equipped with modern equipment and a specialized medical staff.

Restoring power lines and restoring electricity to the Sheikh Maqsoud and Ashrafieh neighborhoods in Aleppo, after 7 years of power cuts.

The Initial Response Team of the Raqqa Civil Council announced to exhume  more than 5,900 bodies from 25 mass graves scattered in the city of Raqqa and its countryside.

July 20 - The Culture and Art Authority organized the Fourth Martyr Hercule Book Fair in Qamishlo, with the participation of 39 publishing houses.

August 4 - The Health Authority in Al-Jazeera region received 5 PCR virus-testing machines and 500 kits, provided by the Kurdistan Red Crescent Organization in Europe.

The Ovens and Mills Committee of the Deir-ez-Zor Civil Council inaugurated the first central mill of its kind in the region with a production capacity of 150 tons per day.

August 16 – Al- Hasakah Canton Council, in coordination with the Social Affairs and Labor Authority in Al-Jazeera region, announced the opening of the Serêkaniyê camp to receive the displaced living in the shelters, with the aim of emptying schools of the displaced.

September 21 - The activities of the Lilon International Film Festival began in Berkhdan camp in al Shahba canton, supervised by a committee of international directors and writers.

Feeding 65% of the city of Raqqa and restoring electricity to a large part of the city during the year.

The people of Shiran district, east of the city of Kobani, have recovered one of the two archaeological lions that the Syrian government transferred to the city of Raqqa decades ago, after it was severely damaged during the occupation of Raqqa by ISIS mercenaries.

During the year, approximately 4,550 IDPs returned from Barda Rasht camp in  Başûr Kurdistan to Rojava via the Semalka border crossing.

45,000 community protection and security forces deployed to protect crops from fires in the harvest season.

October 10 - The Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria decided to expel the Syrian families wanting to leave the al-Hol camp, based on a meeting held with the Syrian Democratic Council, the Social Affairs and Labor Authority and the Interior Authority.

Rojava University opened a postgraduate department in sociology with the aim of raising the level of teachers.

The Health Authority in North and East Syria and the Deir-ez-Zor Civil Council laid the foundation stone for the start of the rehabilitation project of Hajin General Hospital and Abu Hammam General in the eastern countryside of Deir-ez-Zor.

October 23, the Fifth Conference of the Free Media Union was held in Qamishlo, under the slogan “Professional Media, Ensuring Change for the Better,” in which a co-presidency and 17 members of its council were elected.

Confronting the Coronavirus

March 14 - The Health Authority declared a state of emergency within the regions of northeastern Syria to confront the Corona virus, and on the 20th of the month, the Health Authority revealed that they had discovered, along with the Swedish Institute PEAS, a test device, or "kit", to detect the emerging corona virus.

As part of the precautionary measures for the Corona virus, the authority has announced several times a general ban, and has equipped quarantine centers in every city, including the Covid 19 center in the city of al-Hasakah.

Regarding students, and as part of the preventive measures against the virus, the Education Authority organized online lessons for 789,225 students, through educational lessons via AA satellite ROJ AVA.

March 21, the Turkish occupation cut off water from the city of al-Hasakah, and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) confirmed that Turkey had put the lives of 460,000 people at risk, and expressed its refusal to use water facilities to achieve political and military gains. And as Human Rights Watch said, Water will deepen the humanitarian crisis and undermine the efforts of humanitarian organizations in preparing vulnerable communities in this region to confront the Coronavirus.

In April, the Water Directorate in al-Hasakah canton completed drilling and equipping 13 wells out of 50, which is an alternative project to secure drinking water for the people of al-Hasakah, after stopping water pumping from the Alouk station in the occupied Serêkaniyê region.

The most prominent AA's decisions

In January, the Autonomous Administration decided to ban the export and smuggling of sheep outside the region, due to the high exchange rate of the dollar against the Syrian pound.

February 20 - The General Council of the Autonomous Administration approved the laws on official holidays and smuggling in the areas of the administration.

May 17 - The General Council of the Autonomous Administration issued a general amnesty for all crimes committed before May 17, and another pardon on October 10.

June 18 - The Autonomous Administration decided to increase the salaries and wages of workers in its institutions by 150%.

The General Command of the Syrian Democratic Forces has issued military instructions confirming its commitment to the policies of protecting schools and educational facilities, protecting children, evacuating all sites classified by the Education Authority in the Autonomous Administration as a school, and fully cooperating with the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, and accordingly the Deir-ez-Zor Military Council emptied schools in its regions.

October 6 - Activating the "General Control Authority" in the Autonomous Administration.

October 15 - The Detainees Committee announced the release of / 631 / prisoners who were convicted of terrorism charges and whose sentences exceeded half their sentences, who did not have Syrians' blood on their hands and did not commit any criminal acts.

November 16 - The Autonomous Administration on Al-Jazeera assigned Hendrin Sino, the co-chair of the Social Affairs and Labor Authority, and Hadiya Ali, the co-chair of the Economic and Agriculture Authority, and Hussein al-Azzam, the co-chair of the Legislative Council of Al-Jazeera region, resigned from his post.

Opening offices of political parties

February 8 - The Kurdistan Democratic Party - Syria (PDK-S) reopened its office in Derik, after the Autonomous Administration announced that the parties would be allowed to carry out their political activities without obtaining a license, as a goodwill gesture to achieve national unity, in response to the initiative of the Commander in Chief of the Syrian Democratic Forces. Mazloum Abdi.

The Kurdish National Council re-opened its office in the city of Kobani.

March 14 - The Kurdistan Democratic Party - Syria opened its office in the eastern part of Qamishlo.

June 19 - The Kurdistan Democratic Union Party (KDP) opens its office in Qamishlo.

T/S

ANHA


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