Reality of educating Kurdish in north, east Syria

The educational process in the Kurdish language in the areas of north and east of Syria entered its second stage. This stage includes the development of Kurdish language research. Moreover, the Kurdish Language Research Department seeks to establish a Union of Linguistic Researchers.

The 15th of May marks the day of the Kurdish language, coinciding with the publication of the Hawar magazine, which has an important place in Kurdish history. It is the first Kurdish magazine to be published in Latin, and from 2006, the 15th of May was considered the Kurdish Language Day.

Hawar news agency (ANHA) has visited the Kurdish Language Foundation in north and east of Syria to see the reality of the educational process in Kurdish.

'The first step in Rojava was training the people'

The member of the Research Department of the Kurdish Language Foundation in north and east of Syria Mrs. Gulê Hassen congratulated the Kurdish people on the occasion of the Kurdish Language Day and touched upon the reality of the Kurdish language process, "In Rojava, the first step of the Kurdish Language Foundation was to educate the people. Many teachers were prepared to teach the Kurdish language. In the second step, the stage of educating the students in schools came. During this stage, thousands of students and parents have been trained according to the possibilities in Rojava."

Kurdish language dictionary project

And she said, "After the education of the parents and students, the Kurdish language research stage has begun. Henceforth, there will be extensive researches on the Kurdish language, and for this reason, the center of the Kurdish Language Institution in Qamishlo city will open. In this center, researches are going to be conducted on the Kurdish language, on the relationship of meanings of Kurdish vocabularies by nature, mother and history. In addition, we are now preparing a dictionary in Kurdish, and we expect that the dictionary will be completed within ten years to become the essential and basic dictionary for all students and scholars."

Kurdish Linguistic Researchers Union

Gulê Hassen said, "So far, the Kurdish language researches have been dispersed, and through the Language Foundation, the language will also be unified. This work will start from Rojava, but we aim in the future to continue working in all parts of Kurdistan. During the language researches work, the elderly, dictionaries and Kurdish language books will be relied upon as basic sources."

The Kurdish language has always been targeted by the occupiers

In addition to the military war, the regions of Rojava also witnessed a war at the level of the Kurdish language education. During the Turkish occupation attacks against Afrin, the schools have been targeted. The Turkish state, in turn, was preparing teachers in order to melt the Kurdish culture. In the face of these attacks against the Kurdish language, the Kurdish people as well as students are continuing their education in Kurdish. The Kurdish language researches phase will be a second response to the occupiers.

From a small room towards schools

The spokesman for the Kurdish Language Education Foundation in the city of Qamishlo Adel Ahmad Ibrahim said that "the Kurdish language education started with several people and now there are thousands of people working on Kurdish language education." Ibrahim pointed out that they began to teach Kurdish in small rooms, "but now students and parents are studying their language in schools."

Everyone has the right to learn in their own language

Ibrahim pointed out that the democratic nation's approach allows all individuals to learn their mother tongue, a right reserved for all.

The spokeswoman for the Committee for the Kurdish Language Education Committee Manal Mohammed Amin touched upon the conditions of students in schools, and said that "the children of all peoples of north and east of Syria; Kurds, Arabs, Syriacs and Armenians are studying in schools in their mother tongue." Manal Mohammed Amin said that "students after the fourth year have the right to choose the language in which they wish to study, noting that multiplication of languages among students enhances participation."

Manal Mohammed Amin has noted that the number of teachers in the Kurdish language in Qamishlo canton has reached 4,305 teachers so far, distributed to 1,005 schools, while the total number of Kurdish, Arab, Syrian and Armenian students reached 43,657 students.

'Children learn their mother tongue freely'

Manal Mohammed Amin also pointed out that "the methods of teaching students according to the democratic nation's approach are distinct and different. During the Syrian regime rule, the schools were like military institutions and the children were taught like soldiers. The Kurdish students were not allowed to learn their mother tongue, even the Kurdish language was banned. The ruling regimes work to train and educate children according to their interests, but with Rojava Revolution, children have been learning their mother tongue freely. In schools supervised by Autonomous Administration, free personality is also prepared alongside learning in the mother tongue."



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