MURADA KINDA/ NEWS DESK
On February 14, Russia, Turkey and Iran will meet in the Russian city of Sochi. The meeting will be attended by Turkish President Recap Teyyip Erdogan, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Iranian President Hassan Rohani. The last meeting of the three presidents was held on 7 September 2018 In the Iranian capital Tehran, and terrorism was the focus of the discussion between Putin and Erdogan.
According to the information, during the meeting called by Putin they will discuss the latest developments in Syria, the situation in Idlib, and the decision of America to withdraw its troops from Syria.
On this meeting, and what will result from it, ANHA agency conducted an interview with the Turkish researcher and writer Hamida Yigit.
Hamida Yigit noted that during the meeting between Erdogan and Putin on January 23 in Moscow, the date of the meeting to be held in Sochi was set, and she said, "The meeting between Putin and Erdogan after America's decision to withdraw its troops from Syria aimed at holding a summit to coordinate the stage of peace after the withdrawal of the US forces from Syria, and the decision was taken to hold this summit on 14 February, and the most important topics to be raised and discussed are the stage of peace in Syria, Idlib campaign , in addition to filling the vacuum that will form after the US withdrawal from Manbij and Syria in general."
She said, "Turkey will be held accountable for Ankara's position towards the organizations that Damascus classifies as terrorist organizations," a road map will also be drawn up, and Turkey's threats to northern Syria will be discussed, and it is possible to put forward projects comforting Turkey."
'Turkey has not carried out its promises about Idlib'
Hamida Yigit made it clear that since Russia entered Syria in 2015, Moscow has been managing the region, she said in this context that the peaks of Astana and Sochi began after Turkey headed towards Russia, and today the date of Sochi agreement is approaching an end. It is clear that Turkey did not perform the tasks, the resolutions and promises made to limit the contradictions in Idlib, the demilitarized zones and the jihadi organizations have not been implemented. On the contrary, Jabhet al-Nusra, which is among the terrorist organizations of the international community, has been able to expand its control, so there is no role left for Sochi's decisions now.
' Sochi's end and Astana's continuation'
Hamida said that Turkey is trying to hide what is happening in Idlib and the preparing for a campaign in that region and added, "Although Turkey sees the Kurds in northern and eastern Syria as terrorists, Moscow and Damascus disagree. And at this point Putin will try to work with Iran to make the issue of the Kurds a Syrian internal issue which is discussed between Damascus and the Kurds, and in this form will be organized three summits and the second will be in this period, and the Sochi's end is coming, but because of the situation in the region, and to develop a new plan for Syria, Astana will continue.
Sochi and Astana took Geneva's role
Hamida Yigit pointed out that at the beginning of the Syrian crisis in 2011, many meetings were held in connection with the Syrian crisis, adding, "So far, many summits have been held in the name of Friends of Syria except for Damascus. The Geneva meeting was held 8 times, but two meetings that changed the military distribution in Syria were held which are Sochi and Astana. In Sochi meeting, the military distribution in the region changed completely, and in Astana, the guarantors took political control into their hands. These meetings took the role of Geneva. There were noticeable changes beyond Astana and Sochi, the two meetings avoided the Syrian regime fighting in many areas against the so-called opposition and threw the mercenary factions into a narrow corner of Syria."
Turkey did not get what it aspired in Syria?
Hamida said that Adana agreement, which was put forward by Putin before Erdogan on January 23, will be discussed at the next Astana meeting, she added, "In return for Turkey's request for a buffer zone, Putin put forward the Adana agreement. It is important to consider each party's understanding. Turkey understands that Trump is confident that it will achieve its dreams. Turkey wants to establish a buffer zone under its control in northern Syria to concentrate radical groups in northern Syria under the pretext that it wants to return the Syrians to their country, but Trump did not say "the buffer zone" in the perspective seen by Erdogan. Turkey is always hoping and imagining, but they are likely to say at the February 14 meeting whose fantasies are empty and will not be achieved, and we may see a proposal for the Adana agreement, which means: Within the framework of respecting the territorial integrity of Syria, to open a dialogue with Damascus."
Turkey will not participate in Idlib campaign
"Turkey is living in a difficult situation in Idlib," Hamida said, adding, "Turkey cannot stand by the extremist groups or the Syrian regime. Turkey may be asked to determine its position on the campaign, but in recent days we see that the regime says that the "Idlib agreement dies" and moves its forces on the outskirts of Idlib, mobilizing its forces on the outskirts of Idlib and the countryside of Aleppo, Hama and Lattakia. In conjunction with these moves we will see in the next few days the summit of Astana, indications that Idlib will be at the top of the discussions at the summit, but we do not know how will be Turkey's position."
Hamida Yigit? Who is
Hamida Yigit was born in Samandag district of Hatay in Bakur (North Kurdistan) in 1965. Hamida was a teacher of philosophy in the Turkish capital of Ankara. After the start of the Syrian crisis, she started researching on the Syrian situation.