Deir ez-Zor's strategic geographic location in the region, and tribalism and tribalism dominance and richness in gas and oil was the cause for these movements.
It was one of the first cities to witness widespread demonstrations calling for toppling the Assad, the Syrian regime, during the revolution, it became an important center for ISIS mercenaries, until it was liberated by the Syrian Democratic Forces.
With the establishment of the Autonomous Administration of the North and East of Syria, AANES the Arab clans played a prominent role in it.
"Pearl of the Euphrates" between drowning and salvation
In recent days, Deir ez-Zor has witnessed a series of developments by many unknown parties, with the aim of striking security and stability in the region and playing on Kurdish-Arab discord.
A series of assassinations, which are not the first of their kind, were committed against a number of national and prominent figures of clan elders and sheikhs in Deir ez-Zor.
On the 30th of last July, gunmen assassinated the head of the Al-Bakir clan committee in the Clan Council and the spokesman for the Al-Egeidat clan, Suleiman Al-Kassar, nicknamed Abu Naim. The next morning, the mayor of the town of Dahleh was assassinated Ali Alois.
On the first day of the Eid Al-Adha, Sheikh Mutashhar Al-Hamoud Al-Jadaan Al-Hafel was assassinated. He is considered one of the most prominent tribal figures in Deir ez-Zor.
These acts followed the searching operations launched by the SDF in the second phase of the "Counter-Terrorism" campaign on the 17th of last July in the eastern countryside of Deir ez-Zor, in pursuit of ISIS remnants and cells.
And after the assassinations that targeted the elders of the clans, many forces began to launch a targeted media campaign, which clearly called for fighting between Arabs and Kurds.
At the head of these media campaigns was the Assad government, which mobilized all its media outlets and social media pages to incite the fighting.
These efforts demonstrated the unity of the situation between the Assad government and the Turkish occupation state, which intensified their movements in the region by recruiting networks of agents.
Why are clans notables and Sheikhs assassinated, especially during this period?
Whenever a person wants to hunt a prey, they direct their arrows at the key area that kills the prey or otherwise disrupts its movement. In this way the focus is on the clan elders as they play an effective role in shaping social and political relations in society.
These operations were deliberate in some way, so it is not a coincidence that several prominent figures from one region were targeted in the same period.
The objectives of these assassinations have been achieved somewhat, and they sparked a popular protest among the people of Deir ez-Zor, demanding the disclosure of the criminal circumstances, some of whom accused the Syrian Democratic Forces.
The plot was systematically simulated, as everyone knows that when any member of the clan is killed, the clan will take revenge for him, and here they played on this side.
The Assad government failed politically, so it turned towards assassinations
Before the Syrian crisis, Arab clans remained marginalized by the Assad government contrary to their status under the AANES.
The Syrian government has used many methods to persuade tribal elders to defect from THE AANES and SDF during several meetings with them for enlisting their clansmen in groups affiliated with Iran and Russia as mercenaries only.
It is clear that all the Syrian government's attempts to submit the clans have failed, and have long exploited the Turkish attacks on northern and eastern Syria and the chaos caused by the ISIS cells to incite the people of Deir ez-Zor and its countryside through its intelligence cells to participate in demonstrations against the Syrian Democratic Forces and the Autonomous Administration.
Based on the above, fingerprints of the Syrian intelligence services appeared in the assassinations of clan elders after the security forces of the Syrian Democratic Forces arrested one of the agents, called Abd al-Razzaq Nawaf al-Atti, who admitted that the Syrian intelligence had formed. The Assassination Cell "to target sheikhs and clan leaders and heads of local councils in the city of Deir ez-Zor and Al-Hasakah.
The goals of the Assad government to regain control of the city of Deir ez-Z are not without economic ambitions, amid the high severity of sanctions against it.
Turkey ... and a policy of divide and rule
Turkey, in turn, relies primarily on creating conflicts between the Kurds and Arabs and destabilizing relations between the people of northern and eastern Syria by exploiting national and sectarian sides, and playing on the chord of transforming the existing chaos into a civil war to target the democratic project.
The Turkish occupation did not hesitate for a moment to act against the components of northern and eastern Syria, and any differences between the Kurds and Arabs will benefit it, so we see that Turkey is trying to take advantage of the existing opportunity to recruit members of the Arab clans, and is working hard to restore the city of Deir ez-Zor the scene of killing and slaughtering, as it did against the Armenians in World War I era of the last century.
The Turkish occupation’s efforts to include Arab tribesmen as mercenaries in order to achieve their agendas in Syria were evident. At the beginning of 2017, Turkey held a conference for the clans under its control in the Turkish city of Urfa, under the roof of reuniting the tribes supporting what was called the Syrian revolution.
Note that the position of Arab clans in Deir ez-Zor has been clear since the beginning of the Turkish occupation attacks on the regions of northern and eastern Syria in their condemnation of the Turkish presence in all its forms.
In the midst of these developments, the security operations carried out by the Syrian Democratic Forces to dismantle the mercenaries of ISIS and eliminate them completely, are the only possible way to stop the spiral of chaos, and to take the arguments and excuses from the hands of those forces that are trying to fish in the troubled waters.
Likewise, the solidarity and unity of the Arab tribesmen throughout the region alongside these forces, in order to preserve the gains made thanks to the tremendous sacrifices they made on the altar of freedom in the face of the mightiest and most brutal terrorist organizations in history, remains the only guarantee to thwart the plans aimed at striking the components of the region each other.
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