The summit, which will be hosted by Algeria on November 1 and 2 next, faces major challenges that have led to its postponement more than once from its scheduled date last March.
The Algeria summit was postponed 3 times, the last of which was at the beginning of this year due to the Corona pandemic.
The last Arab League leaders summit was in March 2019 in Tunisia, and the 2020 and 2021 editions were canceled due to COVID-19.
Arab-Arab relations are currently going through major crises, perhaps the most important of which are the differences between Algeria, which is hosting the summit, and its neighbor, Morocco, over the issue of the Sahara.
During the last period, Algeria sought to bypass the controversial points that represented a challenge to the holding of the Arab summit, and coordinated positions with many Arab capitals, and it also sent an official invitation to the Moroccan government despite the severing of relations with it.
It was also announced that Algeria had reached an agreement with the Damascus government according to which the clause was not included in the re-occupation of Damascus for its seat in the Council of the Arab League, thus freezing an obstacle to the convening of the periodic Arab summit.
Experts believe that the success of the Algeria summit in Arab reunification and ending differences may be the summit's greatest achievement, stressing that pivotal issues such as the Turkish occupation of Syria and the situation in Palestine will not be addressed in the meetings of Arab leaders.
The expert in international relations and professor at the Jordanian University of Mutah, Dr. Iyad Al-Majali, believes that Algeria’s preparations for holding an Arab summit in the early 11th of this year come as a new attempt that is expected to achieve what Algeria announced for the slogan (reunion) according to a diplomatic framework, reconciliation and convergence of views between the parties Arabic.
He explained to our agency that the Algeria summit brings ambitions and hopes through which the Arab League seeks to find mechanisms for joint action to resolve the differences between Morocco and Algeria, on the one hand, and Algeria and Tunisia, on the other hand, as well as the differences between Egypt and Libya.
He pointed out that there are great challenges facing the Arab summit, perhaps the most important of which are the tension in the relations of Algeria and Morocco, the return of armed chaos in Libya and the creation of large areas of intersection between Cairo and Algeria as a result of the latter's positions on the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, the overlap in Iraq and Lebanon, the Yemeni crisis, and the realignment of some with Iran and Russia. The deep differences over Damascus' presence in this summit, as well as the divergence of views and the ambiguity that dominated the positions of the Arab countries regarding the complex crises in the political reality of the international community.
The Jordanian expert added that these challenges constitute a great burden on the Algeria summit, which justified its postponement, pointing out at the same time that the motives for convening it seem more urgent than those obstacles.
He explained that the Ukrainian crisis and its repercussions came from the most prominent motives for the convening of this summit, especially since the Russian-Ukrainian war had imposed its dangerous economic consequences on all parties and plunged the region into a suffocating economic crisis, which hastened the convening of the summit on the set date for it to take joint decisions facing the crushing crisis in energy and food supply from both Russian and Ukrainian lands.
Regarding the possibility of the summit’s success in light of the difficult circumstances of its convening, the Jordanian expert considered that the conditions for the success of the summit are closely related to the desire of Arab leaders to overcome debates that have become of high and dangerous costs for the peoples of the region, and to activate diplomatic efforts aimed at bridging the rift between most Arab countries and strengthening prospects for joint cooperation.
For his part, the Emirati expert and professor of political science and international relations, Dr. Salem Al Ketbi, believes that the upcoming Arab summit in Algeria will be held in light of dangerous geopolitical conditions and worrying for the world as a whole.
He told our agency: "With all due respect to the Arab situation and the differences between brothers, but they are always solvable, especially with the change of the factors of prevention and the independence of the Arab region, but the world is now on the brink of a nuclear war, even if it is threats aimed at obtaining concessions or a change in the strategic position between the poles of the conflict in Ukraine and the East. and the West, and in no way can the Arab summit in Algeria ignore these nuclear dangers.”
The Emirati expert stressed that the Arab countries are able to solve their problems whenever there is a sincere desire in addition to the factors of common interests to resolve brotherly differences, which is a temporary issue that requires the wisdom of wise people from the owners of the solution and the contract to take complementary steps to bridge the Arab rift, which varies from period to period, pointing to the existence of several positive steps were taken by a number of the Arab Gulf states, in addition to Egypt, which has always stood in the side of Arab unity in the face of the many dangers and challenges that beset it.
The Egyptian expert in Arab and international relations, Kamel Abdullah, agreed with him, assuring our agency that the atmosphere is ripe for achieving significant breakthroughs in all aspects of the Arab dispute.
According to Abdullah, the Algeria summit comes amid a positive atmosphere that was not available before for rapprochement between Arab countries, in addition to the fact that the Algerian diplomacy has been active recently to ensure the largest presence of Arab leaders, and its Foreign Minister Ramtane Lamamra made visits to the Gulf, Egypt, Syria and Lebanon to invite the leaders of these countries to the summit .
He expressed his belief that the Algiers summit will witness a great break in the stalemate in Moroccan-Algerian relations, especially with the announcement of the possibility of the Moroccan monarch's participation in the summit.
He pointed out that the same thing applies to the dispute between Cairo and Tripoli, and there are practical indications of rapprochement in these two crises and that the Arab summit could push towards a major breakthrough in them.
As for Damascus' participation, the Egyptian expert believes that the Arab dispute over it is great, in addition to that Damascus informed Algeria early on that it is not interested in the summit.
On the possibility of coming out with strong outcomes from the summit on issues such as the Turkish occupation of northern Syria or the situation in Palestine, the Egyptian expert stressed that this will not happen, justifying that the positions of Arab countries on these issues are still deeply disputed.