When Kurds would win?

Akram Barakat

Within the framework of the policy of harmony with the Turkish occupation state, the leaders of the Kurdistan Democratic Party demand from time to time the withdrawal of the PKK from Başûr Kurdistan, although its presence is a legitimate, as it is initially a Kurdish party and fights for Kurds are in all of Kurdistan, and the general Kurdish people attest to this. They have the right to engage in their struggle in any part of this Kurdistan, on the one hand.  On the other hand, the party’s positioning in those areas was in accordance with several agreements with000 the Kurdistan Democratic Party.

The first was signed in 1982 between the leader Abdullah Ocalan and Idris Mulla Mustafa Barzani. The second was in 1996. The leader, Abdullah Ocalan, called for implementing the agreement while communicating with his family over the phone on April 27. He stressed the need for Kurdish unity, in response to the developments in Başûr (Southern Kurdistan).

The agreement of 1982, includes ten basic articles, as the first six articles relate to the issue of the Kurdistan National Liberation Movement being among the global revolutionary liberation movements, to confront imperialism and global capitalism, support all international national liberation movements and conclude relations and agreements with them.

The remaining four articles are on a common vision of the importance of coordination between the Kurdish forces and adherence to the concept of "the unity of the liberation struggle" instead of fragmentation and schism.

The last four articles of the protocol signed between the leader Abdullah Ocalan and the late leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, Idris Barzani:

Developing the national liberation struggle of Kurdistan depending on peoples of every part of Kurdistan, and emphasizing the alliance with the hard-working forces and the proletariat under the yoke of colonial domination, on a strategic basis, and making alliances, agreements and relations with them according to this perspective.

Every organization or party that exercises its activities within its own part of Kurdistan. It can also form groups and forces affiliated with it in other parts of Kurdistan. It adopts relations and alliances with the national liberation forces to hold meetings at the highest levels for discussing the Kurdish national cause. It seeks to involve all national forces, building alliances against the enemies of the Kurdish people.

Adhering to the concept of the unity of the national liberation struggle. Seeking permanently to resolve differences through dialogue, prioritizing the national interest of our people.

Mutual respect for the Kurdish political and military forces avoiding practices that would harm the unity of any party or organization, and respecting the ideological, political and organizational independence of each party.

Agreements of 1992-1996

The 1982 agreement between the PKK and the Kurdistan Democratic Party was followed by the 1992 agreement, which came after the tripartite; the Turkish occupation and the Kurdistan Democratic Party and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan attacked the PKK, following the establishment of the Kurdistan Regional Parliament. PKK workers in the Zilê and Qandil areas of the legitimate defense zones now.

On July 26, 1995, the Kurdistan Democratic Party launched attacks against the PKK, which continued until December 11 of the same year, after which a ceasefire was announced. In 1996 an agreement was signed between the two sides, providing for the demarcation of the two parties' areas of influence. Following the agreement, the PKK opened headquarters and institutions within the city of Hewler, which included cultural, social and diplomatic centers. The wounded of the PKK were receiving treatment in Hewler.

Hewler tragedy

However, the KDP turned against the PKK after the Turkish intervention, which launched an attack on the legitimate defense areas in 1997 under the name of the Hammer Campaign (Balios) in 1997. In turn, the KDP launched a campaign against members of the PKK, and bombed the hospital in which it was receiving the wounded of the PKK. More than 100 fighters were martyred and their tracks were hidden, and no one knows where their graves are until today.

After the failure of the Turkish campaign (The Hammer), relations between the PKK and the Kurdistan Democratic Party returned, but this did not suit Turkey, the main enemy of the Kurdish people, so it carried out several attacks, the largest of which was in February 2008, which Turkey named as (The Sun), began to mobilize its forces on the border with Başûr Kurdistan, several Kurdish villages were bombed and bridges were destroyed with the aim of besieging the PKK fighters.

Erdogan, who was prime minister at the time, claimed that the goal of the attack was to destroy the PKK camps within 15 days, while Ahmet Davutoglu, who was Minister of Foreign Affairs, said that the operations would continue until the PKK was eliminated.

At the time, Murad Karayilan, then, the head of the leadership committee in the Kurdistan Communities Union, described the goal of the Turkish operation to invade Başûr Kurdistan.

As for the Kurdistan Democratic Party, it waited in the early days for the results of the attack on Zab, realizing that the Turkish occupation army had received painful blows, the party did not hinder the demonstrations organized in Başûr Kurdistan against the Turkish occupation army and this policy was described as positive among the Kurdish forces.

After the Turkish failure in its attack on Zab, Erdogan demanded that Iraq expel the PKK from Başûr.

The victory of Zab was a victory for the Kurdistan Democratic Party

The PKK's victory over the Turkish army in Zab in 2008, strengthened the KDP. Turkey realized that it would not be able to eliminate the PKK, so it developed its relations with the Kurdistan Democratic Party and penetrated deep into Başûr Kurdistan economically in preparation for launching massive attacks against the PKK.

In the period between 2008 and 2013, the Turkish occupation state strengthened its presence in Başûr Kurdistan to sabotage any rapprochement between the Kurdish forces, and played a major role in undermining the great efforts made to hold a comprehensive national conference in 2013, on which the Kurdish people commented high hopes.


Relations between the Kurdish and Kurdish forces have developed, and we can describe them as semi-unification after the attacks of ISIS mercenaries supported by the Turkish occupation state directly on the areas of Başûr Kurdistan, and their approach to the city of Hawler, the heart of Başûr Kurdistan, in 2014. The Kurdistan Democratic Party, which saw the Turkish occupation state as an ally, The latter did not respond to its call to repel the attacks of ISIS mercenaries, because Turkey in fact wanted to correct what it described in 2003 as a big mistake after the announcement of the federation of the Kurdistan region, which followed the American intervention in the hands of ISIS mercenaries.

The one who responded to the call of the Kurdistan Democratic Party to deter ISIS mercenary attacks in the vicinity of Hewlêr and the Makhmur axis, and the people of Başûr witnessed this as well. It repelled ISIS attacks, and Massoud Barzani, who was president of the region himself, praised the resistance shown by the fighters of the Peoples' Defense Forces during a visit to Makhmour camp and his meeting with a number of the party's leadership.

The development that took place between the Kurdish forces against ISIS mercenaries did not appeal to Turkey, and it planned and strived to undermine this development, so it was the first to oppose the 2017 referendum, and conducted shuttle meetings with Baghdad and Iran, after which it conducted military maneuvers near the Ibrahim Al-Khalil crossing with the Baghdad government in a threatening move to the democracy Kurdistan.

Following the referendum that took place in the Kurdistan region, the Iraqi government launched an attack on the Kurdish city of Kirkuk in October 2017, and here it must be noted the great role of the Popular Defense Forces in defending the city, and the last to leave the city are the fighters of the forces.


Two important points to note. The first is that the Kurdish forces, when united, can achieve great achievements and victories soon, and the second is that the Turkish occupation state is striving to annihilate and undermine any rapprochement between the Kurdish forces.

Most important of all, the presence of the PKK in Başûr Kurdistan is a legitimate presence that stems from the depth of a national Kurdistan and struggles for the cause of the Kurdish people throughout Kurdistan and does not need agreements or the like in order to carry out its struggle, and secondly, there are several agreements concluded between the Kurdish forces in Başûr Kurdistan And the Kurdistan Workers’ Party and stipulates the legitimacy of the latter’s existence and even its whereabouts, and the demands of the leaders of the Kurdistan Democratic Party for the PKK’s exit from Başûr are illegal.