Şengal... that is, the beautiful region; Its fortified mountains were the focus of the attention of many greedy for its wealth, as well as empires and powers throughout history, due to its important geographical location, located on the border triangle (Syria, Iraq, Turkey).
The district which the Yezidis make up the vast majority of its population, is one of the oldest cities in Lower Mesopotamia, is located in the western part of Nineveh city. Its mountains are of paramount military importance.
Şengal ... the Silk Road's port to the Mediterranean
The district forms a link between three countries, and it has an economic dimension; It is the outlet of the Silk Road to the Mediterranean, threatening occupied Turkey, which is already mired in a severe economic crisis, by occupying it, to open an outlet from it to revive its dilapidated economy.
Today, this geographical spot of the ancient Yazidi religion, sacred to the Kurds, is threatened with extermination by internal and external forces battling over, especially Turkey, which is trying to restore its Ottoman era in the region.
Occupied Turkey has a bloody history full of massacres against the Yazidi people, the last of which was on August 3, 2014, when ISIS mercenaries attacked the area, killing thousands of martyrs, wounded and kidnapped.
The harshness of the lesson and the recent massacre made the Yazidi Kurds refuse to repeat the experience, when the (KDP) militants abandoned them, leaving them to be an easy prey for ISIS mercenaries, as the People’s Protection Units, Women and Kurdistan Freedom Movement fighters rushed to save them from ISIS’s brutality, after the KDP forces fled.
Resisting annihilation attacks since the time of the Sumerians (3500, 5000)
The ancient Yazidi community, which adheres to its culture and beliefs, paid a heavy price to preserve this valuable culture and their religion for thousands of years, as they established a democratic system for themselves.
Not only that; Rather, at the beginning of 2014, the Yazidis began searching for the truth, after they got acquainted with the thought of the leader Ocalan. Today they are engaged in their struggle by developing new ways and means for fundamental protection. They formed a special force ( Şengal Resistance Units) with experienced military experience in fighting, to defend their land, language, mountains, plains and religion and their culture in the face of the forces that want to undermine them.
It hides in its depths abundant bounties
Regarding the geographical importance of the district, the Yazidi journalist, Sipan Selo, says that the mountains of Şengal are known to be stubborn mountains for their many caves, and hidden in the depths of abundant bounties.
And its geographical location made it very important, and empires and powers were sheltering in its mountains.
What is happening today in Şengal is a repetition of history
Selo believes that the presence of Turkey, Iran, the Iraqi government and the KDP in and around it is history.
He said in that: " Şengal occupies a prominent position among the Sumerians, Mittanians, Assyrians, Romans, Persians, Ottomans, Byzantines, Islam, Mongols and Turkish clans. All these forces wanted to control it because of its geographical importance as it is considered a center of social civilization."
What is its strategic importance?
Selo explained that Şengal was the main gate and the key to entering and controlling Mesopotamia, so it was the destination of all empires.
Selo noted that the Yazidis have been present in it for 6 thousand years. They reinforced themselves in its mountains to protect themselves from dangers, as the mountains were the strong support for protection from threats.
Selo stated that when ISIS mercenaries attacked the Yazidis in 2014, they could not reach its mountains, and if they could reach it, the Yazidis would have been subjected to the largest genocide in their history.
Selo pointed out that the attacks of successive empires and civilizations did not stop at Şengal. "There were successive wars. When the Mongols attacked the district, they destroyed 30,000 houses. The number of Yazidis who were exterminated in that massacre is not yet known.
Selo pointed out that the its Mountains are the fortified fortress to protect the Yazidi religion.
To revive the Ottoman...Turkey's plans to occupy Syrian and Iraqi regions!
Before the ISIS attack, the population of Şengal, according to official government statistics, was approximately 88,000. Selo says that the number of Yezidis in Şengal currently may not exceed 10,000. All these are well-thought-out policies and plans. When any force wants to attack a place, it removes the obstacles. Or the resistance it will face, and this is what happened in Şengal, its residents were massacred, but the Yazidis stood in the face of their plans.
And about the goals of the conspiring forces against Şengal, journalist Selo says, “Sengal is the gateway to Mosul for the trade route that leads to Turkey. Today, Turkey wants to open new economic routes. Turkey’s plans do not target Şengal only, but also occupy Syrian and Iraqi regions to restore the ambitions of the Ottoman Empire.”
On October 9, Al-Kazemi's government signed an agreement with the Kurdistan Democratic Party, to maintain security in the district by the federal security forces in coordination with the Kurdistan Democratic Party forces.
The two forces fled Şengal during the ISIS attack on August 3, 2014. Today, the people of Şengal are besieged by concrete wall, after their ideological association with the Autonomous Administration project based on the ideology and philosophy of leader Ocalan.
They want Şengal free of Yazidis
The co-chair of the Democratic Society Movement, Gharib Hesso, pointed out that the construction of the wall, is the result of the hostile mentality towards the Kurdish people; He said, "They want, by implementing their plans, in the character of the Yezidis, who have always been subject to massacres. These policies are a continuation of the policies of the Iraqi Baath Party, which always wanted to break the will of the Yezidis, by pushing them to leave the Şengal Mountains and gather them in compounds in the villages surrounding the mountain, to keep them away from their Kurdishness.
He indicated that this policy is old, common, and racist against the Yazidi community, using harsh methods, "It is a new genocide and a policy of extermination. In 2007 they blew up Siba and Sheikh Khidr, and on that day at least a thousand Yazidis were killed, to leave Şengal free of Yazidis."
Hasso clarified that the KDP and the Iraqi government are not innocent of the firman the Yazidis were subjected to in 2014. He wondered: "How can military forces be defeated by a group of ISIS and withdraw from the region? This is impossible, it was planned."
Mosul fell to ISIS, while Şengal defended and resisted
Hasso explained that the Yazidi people are not opposed to the Iraqi government, they want to live with their natural, cultural and moral rights on their historical land like all Iraqis, "it did not raise arms in the face of the Iraqi government, on the contrary, he took up arms to defend themselves and the unity of Iraq.
Hesso added: "Mosul fell to ISIS. As for Şengal, it defended itself with the support of the Kurdistan Freedom Movement fighters, without the Iraqi government and the Kurdistan Democratic Party. They liberated their areas from ISIS."
The Kurdistan Freedom Movement came with official approval to Şengal
Hesso pointed out that democratic principles and values appeared in district within the framework of the brotherhood of peoples, and that the Yazidis and other components united their forces on the basis of coexistence, taking steps towards freedom. He added, "The Iraqi government does not accept this project, which has become a big card in political and social circles"
Hasso indicated that the Kurdistan Democratic Party, Turkey and behind them some other forces insisted on the withdrawal of the Kurdistan Freedom Movement fighters from Şengal with a dirty policy, "After the fighters withdrew, it was found that there is a dirty plan to start a new genocide against Şengal." Hesso explained that "the Kurdistan Freedom Movement came with official approval from the the Iraqi government and the Kurdistan Democratic Party, and that was no secret, and the whole world saw the spirit of sacrifice and courage it showed to protect and save the Yazidis.
Building walls is an end to their power... and a message to the people of Rojava
Hasso pointed out that the construction of the wall between Şengal and Rojava came as a result of the dirty agreement to besiege the Yazidis, "ISIS attacked Iraqi lands from the outskirts of Albu Kamal and Al-Baaj. Inclusion of the Yazidis in the Iraqi parliament and guaranteeing their rights in the Iraqi constitution.
Gharib Hasso pointed out that building this wall means officially recognizing the Lausanne and Sykes-Picot agreements, "until yesterday they were fighting against the Sykes-Picot plans, and that it divided countries, today they are drawing a Sykes-Picot map. Building these walls means the end of their authority, they want to separate communities from each other, and they send a message to the people of Rojava that there is an upcoming genocide against the Yazidis, and you will not be able to save them this time.
They are not qualified to protect their borders
Hasso indicated that Turkey has introduced thousands of mercenaries to Syria and Iraq from behind these walls, "Behind these walls they trained mercenaries. The wall involves a great danger in the future, as the people of Şengal do not need such a wall, and this means preparing for a new firman. The international community, the Iraqi parties and the political parties in Başûr Kurdistan should not remain silent about what is happening.”
Iraq alone cannot build this wall, and there are countries that support it
Hasso stressed that the time has come for the will of the Yazidis, who paid a heavy price, to be recognized. The whole world is struggling with our struggle and resistance, and we must continue with it.”
Regarding the Turkish role in building the Shingal wall, Hesso pointed to the existence of a role for the Turkish state and said in that: "In occupied Afrin, settlements are also established by Turkey. The Iraqi economy is dilapidated, so from where did he get the capabilities to build this wall, if there were no supportive countries that would not Only Iraq can build this wall."