ISIS threat is still lingering at the present time in Iraq and Syria, as well as in a number of African countries, especially the West African region, after its increased activity during the past months and since the beginning of 2020 after the killing of their leader Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi in a raid by the American forces in the areas occupied by Turkey in Syria.
ISIS announced his death on October 31, 2019, and chose Muhammad Saeed Abd al-Rahman al-Mawla as his successor. Al-Mawla was included in the sanctions committee imposed on ISIS and al-Qaeda on May 21.
According to a report by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, since the beginning of this year, ISIS activity has escalated, as its new leader has followed Al-Baghdadi's approach and the number of attacks in some of those areas increased dramatically in the first half of 2020 compared to the same period of 2019.
It is estimated that ISIS has about 10,000 active fighters in Iraq and Syria in addition to affiliated fighters and to finance its operations in Iraq and Syria, and the group uses donations, kidnapping for ransom, extortion of companies and individuals, and commercial activity. The report confirms that ISIS has financial reserves of about 100 million dollars.
And in West Africa, which is an area approved by the Security Council within the active terrorist zones of ISIS, which has about 3,500 members. The international organizations considered it the most visible areas among that loyal to ISIS outside Iraq and Syria.
ISIS's Central African state is still active in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including attacks against the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. According to international reports, ISIS is focusing on establishing a "Caliphate" in Mozambique. Launch complex attacks and even temporarily take over villages on August 11, the town of Mocímboa da Praia was attacked by a terrorist group that pledged allegiance to ISIS in 2019, and eventually took the port.
In Yemen, ISIS carries out its operations in some areas through local affiliates from some groups, and is also allied with the "Group for the Support of Islam and Muslims", which the Secretary-General's report described as "the most dangerous group". It is acctive in the border region between Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger.
ISIS recently arrived in the Maldives to set fire to five speedboats owned on April 15. ISIS claimed responsibility for the attack, the first of its kind in the country.
The report touched on ISIS in Afghanistan despite the arrest of the leader Aslam Farouqi in April. On August 2, ISIS fighters temporarily seized a prison in the city of Jalalabad and released about 270 prisoners. ISIS is also trying to benefit from the Afghan peace process by trying to recruit fighters from the Taliban oppose the US-Taliban agreement in February.
And about that, the Egyptian researcher on Islamic movements, Sameh Eid, said that ISIS has not ended, pointing out that "There is a big difference between the Islamic State, ISIS and ISIS ideology," explaining that, "When ISIS state was ended with the death of Al-Baghdadi, and some time before his disappearance, ISIS remained the organization. The number of which reached about 80 thousand fighters at the time, and killed about 20 thousand of them, leaving about 60 thousand. They were in the desert between Syria, Iraq and Libya, which has become an unstable country full of mountainous areas and high mountains, especially after the fall of its regime.
In a special statement to Hawar News Agency, Eid indicated that when Erdogan began recruiting Syrian fighters and militias, ISIS in many African countries such as Nigeria and Mali, revived, in light of the instability in the region. Militia groups became active and found support. and ways of bargaining and throwing cards.
The Egyptian researcher pointed out that ISIS is still active in areas of instability; it is already present in the Egyptian Sinai region, which is called "Wilayat Sinai," and a wave for ISIS may come more difficult than the first wave.
"Take advantage of international disputes"
Mounir Adeeb, an Egyptian researcher the specialized in the affairs of Islamic movements, extremist organizations and international terrorism, agreed with him that ISIS has not yet ended until it returns again, indicating that the terrorist organization still exists and is capable of carrying out armed operations, pointing out that some statistics indicate that ISIS has succeeded in carrying out approximately 139 operations in Iraq, specifically in Mosul during 2019. Although this city was liberated in December 2017; this confirms that ISIS is present. It still has a large and extended network of communication across many countries on different continents.
In a special statement to Hawar News Agency, Adeeb explained that the terrorist ISIS’s largest presence in Africa is expanding significantly, and has influence that allows it to expand in addition to the fact that the international community is still weak in confronting it. This weakness can be limited to the Global Coalition, for example began to reduce its forces in northern and eastern Syria, which allowed the Turkish forces to expand in this area, and to occupy Afrin and other Syrian cities and areas in which the Kurds who represent the safety valve against the attacks of this extremist organization.
The Egyptian researcher pointed out that "The international retreat and the American in particular may have led to an increase in the influence of this organization and its expansion in many regions, which threatens many countries and continents." More dangerous because it is represented by inactive and active cells. When ISIS fell on March 22, 2019, they returned to their countries and thus began to pose a severe danger because its cells spread in more than one place, making it difficult to monitor and pursue them.
Adeeb pointed out that the members of the organization have succeeded in benefiting from international disputes and Turkish intervention in many regions, and Turkish support for Islamic organizations to spread in many countries, in addition to the mercenaries, that Turkey still provide support for in many regions of conflict, which is what flows into the idea of supporting this extremist organization in Africa. "
ISIS chaos serves Turkey and Iran
In turn, the Iraqi political researcher specializing in terrorist movements, Ghanem Obaid, says: “All international reports speak of tens of thousands of ISIS beginning to regain their activities, indicating that there are large movements of the terrorist organization in light of the loose borders, for example the Iraqi-Syrian borders.
In a special statement to Hawar News Agency, Obaid indicated that there is a group of countries that have a desire to cooperate with ISIS to achieve its goals, among them Iran and Turkey, which see that the chaos that ISIS sends achieves many goals and privileges for them, a position that strongly serves Iran and Turkey. "
The Iraqi political pointed out that chaos in general serves countries that have a justification for interfering in the affairs of other countries, pointing out that the situation that the Global Coalition and security observers are talking about is that ISIS began with major movements in the Middle East and Africa region.
"ISIS is linked to the Turkish regime"
From Yemen, the human rights researcher and head of the Haqqi Center for the Support of Rights and Freedoms, Hani Al-Asoudi, says, "It is clear to what extent the terrorist organization ISIS is linked to the current Turkish regime, which sent many of the organization's members to Libya under American cover."
In a special statement to Hawar News Agency, Al-Asoudi pointed out that the attempt to support terrorist forces in North Africa and reinforce them with many mercenaries is a strategic direction for forces hostile to the Arab project in an attempt to destabilize the security of Arab countries, especially Egypt, which has succeeded in the last period in achieving remarkable victories over many terrorist outposts in the eastern regions, that is why those outposts try to attack Egypt from its western gate. "
And the head of the Haqqi Center for Supporting Rights and Freedoms added: “I think that Egypt has succeeded in confronting this conspiracy and with the support of the national forces in Libya keen to fight terrorism, and in this regard, the European Union must take tougher positions to ensure the security of the southern Mediterranean and not turn it into an area for the presence of ISIS and others. From terrorist groups. "