Women in the Middle East generally suffer from marginalization, especially in countries that use Islam as an excuse to apply their laws and Islamic laws according to their concept.
Arwa al-Khattabi, a Yemeni academic and human rights activist, says in an exclusive interview with Hawar news agency ANHA with her, that despite the formation of revolutionary Yemeni feminist alliances and entities, the role of the Yemeni time in supporting the progress of the peace process is still very weak, because the political parties did not provide women with political presence, indicating that the Yemeni legitimate government is mostly from the Muslim Brotherhood, and is not prepared to give women an important role in peace negotiations.
The text of the interview came as follows:
* How do you evaluate the events and conflict that are taking place today in Yemen and the ambitions of the Turkish state?
The conflict in Yemen has been going on for a very long time, but according to the question about the Turkish ambitions in Yemen, the Turks left Yemen only in 1918 after their defeat during the First World War, which forced them to withdraw from all the lands they occupied in the Arab world and continent Europe.
After their exit from Yemen, the Zaidi Imamate ruled from 1918 until the eternal September 26 revolution. The period of the Imamate was marked by wars and ongoing political turmoil, which caused Yemen's economic and social collapse, corruption, poverty, hunger, and disease spread, and a large number of Yemenis migrated out of Yemen.
With the defeat of the Imamate in the revolution of September 26, 1962, the various republican governments tried to improve the political and economic conditions of citizens, but their success has always been modest due to the persistence of problems and internal wars between the Yemenis themselves, and with the beginning of the nineties the Yemeni unity agreement was signed on May 22, 1990.
The turmoil of the Arab situation and the first Gulf war led to the destabilization of unity, and in 1994 a great war occurred among the makers of unity, causing a major rift in the national ranks that we are still suffering from today, and corruption and political and economic failure in addition to the proliferation of conflicting religious groups spread, and the Arab region entered into a conflict between themselves in order to control on the influence and the spread of funds for religious parties and Islamist militias, which contributed to the destruction of the state from the inside, so the Houthi group emerged since the beginning of the nineties, which contributed to six wars that destroyed the state between 2004 and 2010, and al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula and what it caused of the destruction of the state by killing army and security leaders finally, ISIS emerged, which destroyed many of Yemen's capabilities.
In 2011 the Arab Spring revolutions began, alliances began to change, and international interests formed in other ways.
* What are the goals and expansion of the new Ottoman colonial project in Yemen?
With the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood in Turkey led by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, and with the outbreak of the Arab Spring revolutions that were funded by Qatar near the Turks, Erdogan's dreams of returning to the time of the Ottoman caliphate seemed closer to realization.
At the beginning of the revolution, the well-known cleric, Abd al-Majid al-Zindani, appeared in the square of change in which the sit-ins of the revolution heralded the Islamic caliphate 2020. Indeed, this man was only announcing what was going on in the minds of the Muslim Brotherhood and what was going on in their closed meetings.
Indeed, many facts have emerged that confirm the new Ottoman tide to the region and in Yemen in particular. Qatar, as a financier and Yemen as an advocate for the restoration of the Islamic caliphate, sought to confirm the Turkish expansion in the region, and this is confirmed by the contract of the Yemeni Muslim Brotherhood organization in Turkey, led by the tribal leader and brotherhood businessman Hamid. al-Ahmar is a major conference in Turkey calling on it to declare the Islamic caliphate and restore the Ottoman Sultanate to rule the region.
Although the Turkish authorities do not hide their expansionist ambitions in the region, they did not express a clear opinion at the time, and what happened days before the Hagia Sophia Museum was converted into a mosque does not completely deviate from the field of attempting to return the Islamic caliphate to the region. This work is not innocent or neutral, but it is work Symbolic of Turkey's ambitions in the Arab region, including Yemen, as it is a challenge to the international community and Europe, which refuses to join Turkey in the European Union.
* What about the role of the right woman in advancing the peace process?
As for the role of women in advancing the peace process, it is generally very weak despite the presence of some women's activities that communicate with the international envoy to resolve the Yemeni issue, Martin Griffith, this women's bloc meets Griffith every now and then sits with him and makes proposals, but they are all just totally decorative work.
The political parties have not provided women with an important political presence, nor the legitimacy of which most of them are Muslim brothers who are ready to grant women an important role in peace negotiations.
* What are the protests organized by women in Yemen?
As for the feminist protests, they are very diverse and varied. For example, there are many activities for the release of women prisoners and detainees in prisons, and there is the Association of Mothers of Abducted and Forced Disappearances, and there is the Women’s Solidarity Organization in Support of Peace, and all these organizations are trying to defend women's rights and human rights, In the month of March, we established in Geneva, the March 8 bloc, for the sake of Yemeni women to defend the rights of women and children, and contribute to peace negotiations. The well-known human rights organization, Ph.D. Wissam Basandawa, was chaired, and we hope that all women will not be excluded from peace talks.
I would also like to point out that Yemeni women need more support, and from the role at all political and legal levels.